Nahrungsmittel in der arabischen Medizin

Das Kitāb al-Aġḏiya wa-l-ašriba des Naǧīb ad-Dīn as-Samarqandī

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Author: Juliane Müller
Naǧīb ad-Dīn as-Samarqandīs (st. 619/1222) Buch der Nahrungsmittel und Getränke ( Kitāb al-Aġḏiya wa-l-ašriba) ist ein umfassendes medizinisches Lexikon mit Informationen zu über 500 verschiedenen Nahrungsmitteln, Speisen, Getränken und Duftstoffen. Es kann als letzte große arabische Monografie zur Diätetik im islamischen Osten angesehen werden und stellt vermutlich eines der am weitesten verbreiteten vormodernen arabischen Bücher zum Thema Ernährung dar. In Nahrungsmittel in der arabischen Medizin bietet Juliane Müller eine textkritische Edition des Kitāb al-Aġḏiya wa-l-ašriba mit deutscher Übersetzung. Anschließend verorten Kapitel zur Textgenese und Rezeption des Werks sowie zu seinen ernährungsmedizinischen Inhalten as-Samarqandīs Nahrungsmittellexikon in seinem Kontext innerhalb der arabischen Medizinliteratur.

Najīb ad-Dīn as-Samarqandī’s (d. 619/1222) Book on Foods and Drinks ( Kitāb al-Aghḏiya wa-l-ashriba) is a comprehensive medical encyclopedia with information on more than 500 different food items, dishes, drinks and fragrances. It can be considered to be the last major Arabic monograph on dietetics in the Islamic East and it probably rates among the most widespread premodern Arabic books on the subject of nutrition science. In Nahrungsmittel in der arabischen Medizin, Juliane Müller presents a critical edition of the Kitāb al-Aghḏiya wa-l-ashriba along with a German translation of the text. An extensive contextual study locates the book and its dietetic contents within Arabic medical literature and examines the sources and the reception of as-Samarqandī's food encyclopedia.

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Juliane Müller ist Postdoktorandin am Asien-Orient-Institut der Universität Zürich. Sie hat eine Monografie zur arabischen Alchemie veröffentlicht (2012).

Juliane Müller is a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of Asian and Oriental Studies of the University of Zurich. She has published a monograph on Arabic alchemy (2012).
Winner of 26th World Award for Book of the Year in Iran 2019.

"I want to emphasize the importance of this translation that makes this work available to scholars of medical history who are interested in studying Arabic medicine but regrettably do not read Arabic. This translation will offer them an access to Arabic medicine that played an essential role in the development of medicine from Greek civilization to the early modern period in Europe." - Ayman Yasin Atat, in: Orientalistische Literaturzeitung 114/3 (2019)

"With her edition, translation and study of al-Samarqandī’s Kitāb al-Aghdhiya wa’l-ashriba, Juliane Müller has produced a very fine scholarly work which excels at virtually all levels — linguistic, historical, technical and material. Her edition of the Arabic text is meticulous, her German translation ingenious, and her various explorations of sometimes uncharted territories are extremely detailed without ever losing sight of the bigger picture. [...] It is to be hoped that Juliane Müller will continue in the future to gift us with many more contributions of such sublime quality." - Oliver Kahl, in: Journal of Semitic Studies 63/2 (2018)

"Muller's edition [...] is a most useful addition to scholarship in this field. A wonderful book, a meticulous piece of scholarship, and a rich source of information on a variety of subjects." - Remke Kruk, in: Bibliotheca Orientalis 75/1-2 (2018)
All jene, die sich für arabische Medizingeschichte, Diätetik, die Kulinarik der islamischen Welt des Mittelalters, die Kulturgeschichte des Essens und Trinkens oder die Überlieferung griechischer wissenschaftlicher Texte ins Arabische interessieren.

All those interested in the history of Arabic medicine, dietetics, medieval Islamic culinary culture, the cultural history of food and drink or the transmission of Greek scientific texts into Arabic.