The Politics of Religion and the Rise of Social Catholicism in Peru (1884-1935)

Faith, Workers and Race before Liberation Theology


In The Politics of Religion and the Rise of Social Catholicism in Peru (1884-1935) Ricardo Cubas Ramacciotti provides a lucid synthesis of the Catholic Church’s responses to the secularisation of the State and society whilst offering a fresh appraisal of the emergence of Social Catholicism and its contribution to social thought and development of civil society in post-independence Peru. Making use of diverse historical sources, Cubas provides a comprehensive view of a reformist yet anti-revolutionary trend within the Peruvian Church that, decades before the emergence of Liberation Theology and under divergent intellectual paradigms, developed an active agenda that addressed the new social problems of the country, including those of urban workers, and of indigenous populations.

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Ricardo D. Cubas Ramacciotti, (Ph.D., Cambridge, 2013) (Licentiate, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 1998) is Associate Professor of Latin American History at the Universidad de los Andes (Chile) and has published on various aspects of Latin American political and religious history.
"Ricardo Daniel Cubas Ramacciotti’s well-researched study (...) this specialized monograph establishes the Church’s indispensability to Peruvian identity as well as specific agenda items and ample bibliography for further research."
- Ruth Chojnacki, De Paul University, The Catholic Historical Review 104, no 3, 2018.

"(...) Cubas Ramacciotti presents a cogent analysis that elucidates new aspects of the processes of adjustment and “revival” experienced by Peruvian Catholicism during the reform of Church-state relations. Written in accessible language, The Politics of Religion and the Rise of Social Catholicism in Peru (1884-1935) promises to be compelling reading for students and graduate scholars interested in the study of secularization and the social history of the Catholic Church in Latin America."
- Noah Oehri, University of Bern, Reading Religion, 17 September 2018.

"This well-researched monograph helps to fill gaps in historians’ understanding of the rise of liberation theology in Peru."
- Cameron D. Jones, California Pylotechnic State University, The Americas 76, March 2019.



 Academic Approach and Sources

 'Culture Wars' and Catholic Renewal

 Catholicism and Politics in Peruvianist Historiography


Part I. The Politics of Religion

1 Church and State: Viceregal and Early Republican Antecedents

 The Catholic Monarchy

 Enlightened Absolutism and Religious Reform

 Independence and Ecclesiastical Crisis

 The Ultramontane Church

 Regalism and the Liberal Challenge

2 The Secularisation Process during the Aristocratic Republic (1884–1919)

 The Republican Patronato

 Legal Status of Religious Institutes

 Ecclesiastial Property and Economy

 Civil Registry and the Sociedades de Beneficencia Pública

 Civil Marriage

 Religious Tolerance

3 Leguía's Oncenio and the Politics of Religion (1919–1930)

 The Political Project of the Patria Nueva

 Church-State Relations during the Oncenio

 The Militant Church

4 Catholicism and the Emergence of Mass Politics in Peru (1930–1935)

 Radical Parties and the Sacralisation of Politics

 The Unión Popular

 The Church, Civil Turmoil and the Constitution of 1933

Part II. The Catholic Revival

5 Bishops and the Clergy

6 Lay Associations

 The Sociedad Católico-Peruana

 The Unión Católica

 The First Catholic Peruvian Congress (1896)

 Female Associations

 New Catholic Associations

7 Catholicism and Culture

 Pre and Post-Independence Decline

 The Rebirth of Catholic Education

 The Catholic University and the Intellectual Renewal

 The Catholic Press

Part III. Social Catholicism

8 Catholicism and the Labour Question

 Papal Magisterium and Social Catholicism

 Social Catholicism in Latin America

 Economic and Social Conditions in Peru

 Peruvian Catholic Thought and the Labour Question

 The Circles of Catholic Workers ( ccw )

 The Case of the Circle of Catholic Workers of Arequipa ( ccwa )

9 Ecclesiastical Indigenismo

 The Indigenista Debate

 Catholic Thought and the 'Indian Question'

 A Bishop, a Priest and a Layman

 The Rural Church

 Missionaries and Amazon Indians during the 'Caucho Era'

 Bishops and the Patronato de la Raza Indígena



 Manuscript Sources

 Newspaper Sources (Lima, unless Stated)

 Printed Primary Sources

 Printed Works

 Thesis, Dissertations, and Other Unpublished Works

All interested in the relationship between Catholicism, politics, race and social activism in Latin America and in the Church’s responses to secularization and radical movements before the rise of Liberation Theology.
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