In The Politics of Religion and the Rise of Social Catholicism in Peru (1884-1935) Ricardo Cubas Ramacciotti provides a lucid synthesis of the Catholic Church’s responses to the secularisation of the State and society whilst offering a fresh appraisal of the emergence of Social Catholicism and its contribution to social thought and development of civil society in post-independence Peru. Making use of diverse historical sources, Cubas provides a comprehensive view of a reformist yet anti-revolutionary trend within the Peruvian Church that, decades before the emergence of Liberation Theology and under divergent intellectual paradigms, developed an active agenda that addressed the new social problems of the country, including those of urban workers, and of indigenous populations.
Ricardo D. Cubas Ramacciotti, (Ph.D., Cambridge, 2013) (Licentiate, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 1998) is Associate Professor of Latin American History at the Universidad de los Andes (Chile) and has published on various aspects of Latin American political and religious history.
"Ricardo Daniel Cubas Ramacciotti’s well-researched study (...) this specialized monograph establishes the Church’s indispensability to Peruvian identity as well as specific agenda items and ample bibliography for further research."
- Ruth Chojnacki, De Paul University, The Catholic Historical Review 104, no 3, 2018.
"(...) Cubas Ramacciotti presents a cogent analysis that elucidates new aspects of the processes of adjustment and “revival” experienced by Peruvian Catholicism during the reform of Church-state relations. Written in accessible language, The Politics of Religion and the Rise of Social Catholicism in Peru (1884-1935) promises to be compelling reading for students and graduate scholars interested in the study of secularization and the social history of the Catholic Church in Latin America."
- Noah Oehri, University of Bern, Reading Religion, 17 September 2018.
"This well-researched monograph helps to fill gaps in historians’ understanding of the rise of liberation theology in Peru."
- Cameron D. Jones, California Pylotechnic State University, The Americas 76, March 2019.
Academic Approach and Sources
'Culture Wars' and Catholic Renewal
Catholicism and Politics in Peruvianist Historiography
Part I. The Politics of Religion
1 Church and State: Viceregal and Early Republican Antecedents
The Catholic Monarchy
Enlightened Absolutism and Religious Reform
Independence and Ecclesiastical Crisis
The Ultramontane Church
Regalism and the Liberal Challenge
2 The Secularisation Process during the Aristocratic Republic (1884–1919)
The Republican Patronato
Legal Status of Religious Institutes
Ecclesiastial Property and Economy
Civil Registry and the Sociedades de Beneficencia Pública
3 Leguía's Oncenio and the Politics of Religion (1919–1930)
The Political Project of the Patria Nueva
Church-State Relations during the Oncenio
The Militant Church
4 Catholicism and the Emergence of Mass Politics in Peru (1930–1935)
Radical Parties and the Sacralisation of Politics
The Unión Popular
The Church, Civil Turmoil and the Constitution of 1933
Part II. The Catholic Revival
5 Bishops and the Clergy
6 Lay Associations
The Sociedad Católico-Peruana
The Unión Católica
The First Catholic Peruvian Congress (1896)
New Catholic Associations
7 Catholicism and Culture
Pre and Post-Independence Decline
The Rebirth of Catholic Education
The Catholic University and the Intellectual Renewal
The Catholic Press
Part III. Social Catholicism
8 Catholicism and the Labour Question
Papal Magisterium and Social Catholicism
Social Catholicism in Latin America
Economic and Social Conditions in Peru
Peruvian Catholic Thought and the Labour Question
The Circles of Catholic Workers (
The Case of the Circle of Catholic Workers of Arequipa (
9 Ecclesiastical Indigenismo
The Indigenista Debate
Catholic Thought and the 'Indian Question'
A Bishop, a Priest and a Layman
The Rural Church
Missionaries and Amazon Indians during the 'Caucho Era'
Bishops and the Patronato de la Raza Indígena
Newspaper Sources (Lima, unless Stated)
Printed Primary Sources
Thesis, Dissertations, and Other Unpublished Works
All interested in the relationship between Catholicism, politics, race and social activism in Latin America and in the Church’s responses to secularization and radical movements before the rise of Liberation Theology.