Work Point System in Rural China


The Chinese work point system was a series of labor organization rules and regulations used for the calculation of the amount and quality of labor and for determining the form of labor organization. The history of the work point system is thus the history of China’s agricultural collectivization. In this book we analyse how these work points were allotted, how they provided, or impaired, labor incentives, and if they leave open the possibility for income mobility.

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HUANG, Yingwei (Senior Researcher in Institute of Economics in CASS), unfortunately passed away during the publication of this book.
List of Figures and Tables
Chinese Terms

 0.1 The Work Point System Was Not a Formal Institution
 0.2 The Work Point System Was a Pioneering Project Created by the Chinese People
 0.3 The Meaning of the Work Point System Enriched Much in the People’s Commune Period
 0.4 The Work Point System Was Generally Similar around the Nation
 0.5 The Work Point System Combined the Hard Work and Wisdom of Commune Members
 0.6 The Work Point System Reflected the Role of Labor Incentives
 0.7 The Work Point System Made a Significant Contribution to the Industrialization of China
 0.8 Research on the Work Point System Must Look Outside the Box of the Rural
 0.9 The Research Characteristic of This Book Is Distinctive

1 Basic Work Point Assessment
 1.1 Data and Background
 1.2 Determinants of Basic Work Points
 1.3 Summary

2 Agrarian Assignment
 2.1 Background and Data
 2.2 Empirical Results
 2.3 Summary

3 Jidonggong Work Points
 3.1 Equalizing Brigade Work: The Principle of Jidonggong Secondment
 3.2 Productive and Non-Productive: The Types of Jidonggong
 3.3 Welfare and Incentive: The Influence of Jidonggong
 3.4 Summary and Discussion

4 Work Point Income Mobility
 4.1 Income Distribution System of People’s Communes
 4.2 Data Sources and Description
 4.3 Methodology
 4.4 Household Income Mobility in the People’s Commune Period
 4.5 Factors Influencing Income Mobility
 4.6 Summary

5 Work Point Distribution and Labor Incentives
 5.1 Background and Hypothesis
 5.2 Data
 5.3 Empirical Analysis and Results
 5.4 Robustness Test
 5.5 Mechanism Analysis
 5.6 Summary

Appendix A: Work Point System Dataset Specification of Variables

Appendix B: Dataset Hegou-Jiangsu

Appendix C: Dataset Langqiao-Shangdong

Appendix D: Dataset Dongbeili−Shanxi

Appendix E: Energy Distribution
This volume is of interest to sinologists, historians, and sociologists.
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