Before the Public Library explores the emergence of community-based lending libraries in the Atlantic World before the advent of the Public Library movement in the mid-nineteenth century. Essays by eighteen scholars from a range of disciplines seek to place, for the first time, community libraries within an Atlantic context over a two-century period. Taking a comparative approach, this volume shows that community libraries played an important – and largely unrecognized – role in shaping Atlantic social networks, political and religious movements, scientific and geographic knowledge, and economic enterprise. Libraries had a distinct role to play in shaping modern identities through the acquisition and circulation of specific kinds of texts, the fostering of sociability, and the building of community-based institutions.
Mark Towsey PhD (2007), University of St Andrews, is Reader in Modern British History and Director of the Eighteenth-Century Worlds Research Centre at the University of Liverpool.
Kyle B. Roberts PhD (2007), University of Pennsylvania, is Associate Professor of Public History and New Media in the History Department and Director of the Center for Textual Studies and Digital Humanities at Loyola University Chicago.
Table of contents
Acknowledgements List of Illustrations Notes on Contributors
Introduction Mark Towsey and Kyle B. Roberts
Part 1: Empire and Enlightenment
Building Religious Communities with Books: The Quaker and Anglican Transatlantic Libraries, 1650–1710 Louisiane Ferlier 2
Poetry and Civic Urbanism in the Coffee-House Library in the Mid-eighteenth Century Markman Ellis 3
Of Mudfish, Harpsichords and Books: Libraries and Community in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica April G. Shelford 4
Affleck Generations: The Libraries of the Boswells of Auchinleck, 1695–1825 James J. Caudle 5
Sedition, Revolution and Libertinism in Eighteenth-Century Brazil: The Library of Naturalist José Vieira Couto Júnia Ferreira Furtado
Part 2: Revolution and Nation Building
Uncommon Knowledge: Late Eighteenth-Century American Subscription Library Collections Cheryl Knott 7
Reading Sheffield: Sheffield Libraries and Book Clubs, 1771–1850 Sue Roe and Loveday Herridge 8
Challenging Institutional Ambitions: The Practice of Book Exchanges at the New York Society Library, 1789–1795 Rob Koehler 9
A “Quaint Corner” of the Reading Nation: Romantic Readerships in Rural Perthshire, 1780–1830 Katie Halsey
Part 3: Institutionalisation and Expansion
From Private Devotion to “Public” Education: Northern Dissenting Academy Libraries and Their Benefactors Rachel Eckersley 11
The Foundation of Plymouth Public Library: Cultural Status, Philanthropy and Expanding Readerships, 1810–1825 Annika Bautz 12
Reading on the Edge of the Atlantic: The Easton Library Company Christopher Phillips 13
Crafting Respectability: The Politics of Class at the Mechanic Apprentices’ Library of Boston Lynda K. Yankaskas
Part 4: Public Libraries
Reading Publics: Books, Communities and Readers in the Early History of American Public Libraries Tom Glynn 15
From Voluntary to State Action: Samuel Smiles, James Silk Buckingham and the Rise of the Public Library Movement in Britain Alistair Black
Bibliography of Secondary Works Index
This volume will appeal to anyone interested in the history of libraries, books, and reading, and those who have never considered how libraries can inform wider histories of economies, societies, religions, politics, and labour.