In Islamic Leadership in the European Lands of the Former Ottoman and Russian Empires the history and contemporary development of Islamic leadership in over a dozen of Eastern European countries is analysed. The studies are presented through a double prism: the institutional structures of the Muslim communities and the place of the muftiates in the current national constellations on one hand, and the dimension of the spiritual guidance emanating from the muftiates on the other. The latter includes aspects such as the muftiates’ powers and role in supervision of mosques and other religious institutions, production, dissemination and control of religious knowledge and discussions on traditional and non-traditional forms of Islam engaged in by the muftiates.
This is the first comprehensive edited volume on the subject.
Contributors are: Srđan Barišić, Ayder Bulatov, Marko Hadjdinjak, Olsi Jazexhi, Memli Sh. Krasniqi, Armend Mehmeti, Dino Mujadžević, Agata S. Nalborczyk, Egdūnas Račius, Aziz Nazmi Shakir, Vitalii Shchepanskyi, Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen, Daša Slabčanka, Aid Smajić, Irina Vainovski-Mihai, Mykhaylo Yakubovych, and Galina Yemelianova.
Egdūnas Račius, Ph.D. (2004), University of Helsinki, Finland, is Professor of Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies at Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas, Lithuania. He has published several dozen articles on Muslims in Europe and the monograph Muslims in Eastern Europe (Edinburgh University Press, 2018).
Antonina Zhelyazkova, Ph.D. (1983), is Chairperson of the Board of Directors at the International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Sofia, Bulgaria. She is Associate Professor of Urgent Anthropology and Ethnology at the Faculty of History of St. Kliment Ohridski University in Sofia. She has published monographs and many articles on minorities in the Balkans. She is author and editor of the three-volume series on urgent anthropology Problems of Multiethnicity in the Western Balkans.
List of Contributors
1 Introduction: Rationale of the Book Antonina Zhelyazkova and Egdūnas Račius
2 Historical Retrospective on Muftiship: Muftis, State Muftis and Official Muftis Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen
12 Islamic Leadership: The Russian and Soviet Legacy Galina M. Yemelianova
13 Belarus Daša Slabčanka
14 Lithuania Egdūnas Račius
15 Poland Agata S. Nalborczyk
16 Ukraine Mykhaylo Yakubovych, Vitalii Shchepanskyi and Ayder Bulatov
17 Epilogue: Drawing Parallels Egdūnas Račius and Antonina Zhelyazkova
All those in social sciences and humanities interested in the history and contemporary development of Muslim communities, and particularly their Islamic leadership (in the person of muftiates), in Eastern Europe.