While the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg has been at the centre of scholarly attention, the Tokyo Tribunal has for decades been largely neglected. This is surprising insofar as this tribunal was a well-organized Allied endeavour and prefigured the international courts and tribunals of our day. Eleven national teams were sent to Tokyo between 1946 and 1948 to bring about justice in the aftermath of the Pacific War. This volume offers an innovative approach to the Tokyo Tribunal as an arena of transcultural engagement. It contextualizes legal agents as products of transnational forces, constituted through dialogues about legal concepts and processes of faction-making. The endeavour was challenged by different national policies, divergent legal traditions, and varying cultural perceptions of the task ahead.
Contributors are Milinda Banerjee, Anja Bihler, Neil Boister, David M. Crowe, Kerstin von Lingen, Narrelle Morris, Hitoshi Nagai, Valentyna Polunina, Ann-Sophie Schoepfel, Lisette Schouten, James Burnham Sedgwick, Yuki Takatori and Urs Matthias Zachmann.
Kerstin von Lingen is a historian at the Cluster of Excellence “Asia and Europe in a Global Context” at Heidelberg University and leads the Research Group “Transcultural Justice. Legal Flows and the Emergence of International Justice within the East Asian War Crimes Trials, 1945-1954”.
Table of contents
Acknowledgements List of Illustrations Notes for Readers List of Contributors
Introduction Kerstin von Lingen 1
Building Blocs: Communities of Dissent, Manufactured Majorities and International Judgment in Tokyo James Burnham Sedgwick 2
Sir William Webb and Beyond: Australia and the International Military Tribunal for the Far East Narrelle Morris 3
MacArthur, Keenan and the American Quest for Justice at the IMTFE David M. Crowe 4
On a ‘Sacred Mission’: Representing the Republic of China at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East Anja Bihler 5
Managing Justice: Judge William Patrick, Prosecutor Arthur Comyns-Carr and British Approaches to the IMTFE Kerstin von Lingen 6
The Soviets at Tokyo: International Justice at the Dawn of the Cold War Valentyna Polunina 7
‘Little Useful Purpose Would be Served by Canada’: Ottawa’s View of the Tokyo War Crimes Trial Yuki Takatori Illustrations 8
New Zealand’s Approach to International Criminal Law from Versailles to Tokyo Neil Boister 9
Burdened by the ‘Shadow of War’: Justice Jaranilla and the Tokyo Trial Hitoshi Nagai 10
Defending French National Interests? The Quai d’Orsay, Ambassador Zinovy Peshkoff, Justice Henri Bernard and the Tokyo Trial Ann-Sophie Schoepfel 11
In the Footsteps of Grotius: The Netherlands and Its Representation at the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, 1945-1948 Lisette Schouten 12
India’s ‘Subaltern Elites’ and the Tokyo Trial Milinda Banerjee 13
Loser’s Justice: The Tokyo Trial from the Perspective of the Japanese Defence Counsels and the Legal Community Urs Matthias Zachmann
Appendix: The Composition of the Court at Tokyo Index
Academics, graduate students and upper level undergraduates in international law, (postwar) global history, political science, legal anthropology and 20th-century East Asia.