Quakers and Native Americans examines the history of interactions between Quakers and Native Americans (American Indians). Fourteen scholarly essays cover the period from the 1650s to the twentieth century. American Indians often guided the Quakers by word and example, demanding that they give content to their celebrated commitment to peace. As a consequence, the Quakers’ relations with American Indians has helped define their sense of mission and propelled their rise to influence in the U.S. Quakers have influenced Native American history as colonists, government advisors, and educators, eventually promoting boarding schools, assimilation and the suppression of indigenous cultures. The final two essays in this collection provide Quaker and American Indian perspectives on this history, bringing the story up to the present day.
Contributors include: Ray Batchelor, Lori Daggar, John Echohawk, Stephanie Gamble, Lawrence M. Hauptman, Allison Hrabar, Thomas J. Lappas, Carol Nackenoff, Paula Palmer, Ellen M. Ross, Jean R. Soderlund, Mary Beth Start, Tara Strauch, Marie Balsley Taylor, Elizabeth Thompson, and Scott M. Wert.
Ignacio Gallup-Diaz is Professor of history at Bryn Mawr College. He is the author of
The Door of the Seas and Key to the Universe: Indian Politics and Imperial Rivalry in the Darien, 1640-1750, (Columbia, 2005), and the editor of
Colonial America: An Atlantic Handbook, (Routledge, 2017).
Geoffrey Plank teaches history at the University of East Anglia. He is the author of
John Woolman’s Path to the Peaceable Kingdom (Penn, 2012), and co-edited, with Brycchan Carey, the essay collection
Quakers and Abolition (Illinois, 2014).
General Series Editor’s Preface VII Acknowledgements
List of Figures
Notes on Contributors
2 The Lenape Origins of Delaware Valley Peace and Freedom
Jean R. Soderlund 3 Apostates in the Woods: Quakers, Praying Indians, and Circuits of Communication in Humphrey Norton’s
New England’s Ensigne Marie Balsley Taylor 4 “The Calamett, a Sure Bond and Seal of Peace”: Native-Pennsylvania Treaties as Religious Discourse
Scott M. Wert 5 “Cast Under Our Care”: Elite Quaker Masculinity and Political Rhetoric about American Indians in the Age of Revolutions
Ray Batchelor 6 “Strong Expressions of Regard”: Native Diplomats and Quakers in Early National Philadelphia
Stephanie Gamble 7 “The Great Spirit Hears All We Now Say”: Philadelphia Quakers and the Seneca, 1798–1850
Ellen M. Ross 8 The Meddlesome Friend: Philip Evan Thomas among the Onöndowa‘ga’: 1838–1861
Lawrence M. Hauptman 9
Tunesassa Echoes and the Temperance Struggle: A Family Tradition at Tunesassa Quaker Indian School, Allegany Indian Reservation across Generations
Thomas J. Lappas 10 Of African and Indian Descent: Creating Mission and Memory in Western Ohio, 1805–1850
Dr. Tara Strauch 11 “A Damnd Rebelious Race”: The U.S. Civilization Plan and Native Authority
Lori Daggar 12 Remembering and Forgetting – Local History and the Kin of Paul Cuffe in an Upper Canadian Quaker Community
Mary Beth Start 13 Saving Indians by Teaching Schoolgirls to Work: Quakers, the Carlisle Institute, and American Indian Assimilation
Elizabeth Thompson 14 Quaker Roles in Making and Implementing Federal Indian Policy: From Grant’s Peace Policy through the early Dawes Act Era (1869–1900)
Carol Nackenoff and Allison Hrabar 15 The Quaker Indian Boarding Schools: Facing our History and Ourselves
Paula Palmer 16 A Shared Vision for Healing
All interested in American Quaker History, and also those interested in the history of Native American diplomacy, U.S. Indian Reservation policy, and Indian boarding schools.