The Inter-State Application under the European Convention on Human Rights

Between Collective Enforcement of Human Rights and International Dispute Settlement

Series:

The Inter-State Application under the European Convention on Human Rights provides the first comprehensive monograph about the State-to-State human rights enforcement mechanism. The functions of the mechanism include also dispute settlement aspects, which are related to the compulsory jurisdiction of the Strasbourg Court. The study provides a full account of the development of the Inter-State Application under Article 33 ECHR and puts its case law in the relevant historical and institutional context. The analysis concludes with detailed reform considerations which are situated within the discussion about the role of the European Court of Human Rights. The focus lies on the possibility to address and improve systemic human rights deficits beyond the single case. The Court’s growing inter-State docket evidences the need for legal certainty.

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Biographical Note

Isabella Risini, Dr. jur. (2017), Ruhr-University Bochum, LL.M. (Chicago-Kent) is a Postdoctoral Researcher at Ruhr-University. Her publications include two edited books, Verhältnismäßigkeit im Völkerrecht ( Proportionality in International Law, 2014) and Zeit und Internationales Recht ( Time and International Law, 2018), as well as contributions in leading Human Rights Law Journals.

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
Acronyms and Abbreviations, Legal Citation Format

1 Any Alleged Breach: The Inter-State Application under the echr
 1.1 Growing Relevance of the Inter-State Application under the echr
 1.2 Object and Purpose of the Inter-State Application
 1.3 Link to Current Debate Concerning the Court’s Role
 1.4 Stream of Inquiry: Between Collective Enforcement and International Dispute Settlement
 1.5 Collective Enforcement and International Dispute Settlement

2 The Inception and Evolution of the Inter-State Application under the European Convention on Human Rights
 2.1 Overview: The Privilege of Hindsight
 2.2 International Human Rights on the Universal Level: Developments Without Specific Enforcement Structures
 2.3 The Regional Initiative: The Council of Europe and Its Idiosyncrasies
 2.4 Retracing the Notions of Collective and Enforcement
 2.5 The 1950 Convention Revisited
 2.6 Towards Judicial Supervision: Subsequent Amendments of the Convention
 2.7 Results: The Inter-State Application between Collective Enforcement and International Dispute Settlement

3 International Dispute Settlement and Collective Enforcement Functions of the Inter-State Application Approached Through Comparison
 3.1 Inter-State Litigation in Strasbourg and The Hague – A Comparison with a View to the Function of International Dispute Settlement
 3.2 The Inter-State and the Individual Application under the European Convention on Human Rights – A Comparison with a View to the Function of Collective Enforcement
 3.3 Results: The Inter-State Application between International Dispute Settlement and Collective Enforcement

4 The Inter-State Case-Law under the European Convention on Human Rights: Approaching the Object and Purpose of the Inter-State Application in Practice
 4.1 Collective Enforcement Functions
 4.2 Dispute Settlement Functions
 4.3 Carving Out the Potential and the Need for Reform of the Inter-State Application
 4.4 Greece v United Kingdom (1956–59)
 4.5 Austria v Italy (1960–1963)
 4.6 Denmark et al. v Greece (1967–1976)
 4.7 Ireland v United Kingdom (1971–1978 and 2014–Present)
 4.8 Cyprus v Turkey (1974–Present)
 4.9 Denmark et al. v Turkey (1982–1985) and Denmark v Turkey (1997–2000)
 4.10 Georgia v Russia (2008–Present)
 4.11 Ukraine v Russia (2014–Present)
 4.12 Results from the Analysis of Inter-State Case Law

5 Reform Considerations: The Inter-State Application between Collective Enforcement and Dispute Settlement
 5.1 General Reform Considerations for the Inter-State Application
 5.2 Spelling Out the Object and Purpose of the Inter-State Application
 5.3 Dispute Settlement Functions
 5.4 Collective Enforcement
 5.5 Cross-Cutting: Relationship of Individual and Inter-State Applications

Index of Authorities
Appendix
Index

Readership

All interested in international human rights law and the European Convention on Human Rights (students, scholars and practitioners), the institutional development of the Strasbourg machinery, human rights enforcement and the protection of human rights in times of crises.