Language Policy and Conflict Prevention

Language policy can promote stability. For many individuals and groups, language is a key component of identity, and threats to it can raise tensions. Respect for linguistic rights, whilst also considering a state’s need to maintain cohesion, reduces conflict potential. The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities promotes functional solutions to such contentious issues, and the Oslo Recommendations regarding the Linguistic Rights of National Minorities address these challenges. This book analyses the components of a balanced legal and policy framework on language use, with a view to preventing conflict. In addition to reviewing the work of the OSCE HCNM in this area, it also draws upon the expertise of other international organisations and leading academics working in this field.
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Biographical Note

Iryna Ulasiuk Ph.D. (European University Institute, 2010) is a Senior Legal Adviser at the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities. She has a number of publications in the field of minority rights, education and language rights.

Laurenţiu Hadîrcă, LL.M. in Comparative Constitutional Law (CEU, 2004), M.Litt. in International Relations (Monash University, 2005) is a Senior Legal Adviser to the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities. He has several publications on human rights and international relations.

William Romans LL.M. (Stellenbosch, 2001), LL.B. (Hon.) (Edinburgh, 1998) is a Senior Legal Adviser to the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities. He is an attorney-at-law and has worked in the field of international law since 2001.

Table of contents

Preface
Lamberto Zannier
Notes on Contributors

Part 1: Language, Integration of Societies and Conflict Prevention



1 Introduction: Shaping Language Policies to Promote Stability
Bob Deen and William Romans

2 The hcnm Approach to the Promotion of the State/Official Language in Various osce Participating States
Laurenţiu Hadîrcă

3 To Speak or Not to Speak: Minority Languages, the Public Administration and the Enforcement of Linguistic Requirements
Iryna Ulasiuk and Laurenţiu Hadîrcă

4 Mind Your Own Business: The Oslo Recommendations and the Linguistic Rights of National Minorities in Economic Life
Jennifer Croft

5 The Intersection of Language and Religion in the Context of National Minorities
Asa Solway and Alessandro Rotta

6 hcnm Recommendations on the Use of Minority Languages in the Broadcast Media as a Baseline for Context-specific Advice to Participating States
Sarah Stephan and Dmitry Nurumov

7 The hcnm Impact on Minority and State Language Promotion and on the Social Integration of Diverse Societies Through Education: The cases of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
Atanasia Stoianova and Michael Angermann

Part 2: Language Rights and Evolving Standards and Practice



8 Continued Relevance of an “Oslo” Language Policy in a Changing World
Fernand de Varennes and Elżbieta Kuzborska

9 “The Borders of My Language Mean the Borders of My World”. Language Rights and Their Evolving Significance for Minority Rights and Integration of Societies
Francesco Palermo

10 Language Rights in the Work of the Advisory Committee
Petra Roter and Brigitta Busch

11 The Right to Display Place Names in Regional or Minority Languages within the Council of Europe Legal Framework
Vesna Crnić-Grotić

12 Protection of Linguistic Rights of Linguistic Minorities in the un Context
Rita Izsák-Ndiaye

13 Language Rights and the Work of the European Union
Bruno De Witte

14 ‘Taking Oslo Online’: Minority Language Policy & the Internet
Jennifer Jackson-Preece

15 Language Rights and Duties for New Minorities: Integration through Diversity Governance
Joseph Marko and Roberta Medda-Windischer

Appendix
Index

Readership

All interested in minority rights, language policy, and ethnic conflict prevention. The book will be of immediate relevance to policy makers, (academic) libraries, specialists, (post-graduate) students, practitioners.