European armed forces have frequently had to participate in counter-terrorist operations while abroad. For many, however, counter-terrorist operations in their home country are a relatively new phenomenon. Armed and uniformed soldiers can now be seen doing work which is, in some respects, comparable to that of the civilian security forces. What are the ethical implications of this phenomenon? To what extent does it change the relationship between the soldier and the democratic state? Do emerging technologies encroach on democratic freedoms? Does the phenomenon re-define the relationship between the police and the military? Under what conditions can soldiers be trained to achieve victory by force of arms, be used effectively in crowded city centres? Conversely, do we also risk over-militarising our police?
Magdalena Badde-Revue, PhD. (2010), Université Paris-Sorbonne III, is associate lecturer and researcher in the CREC Saint-Cyr Coëtquidan, France, and board member of EuroISME. Her research focusses on military history, especially in the Cold War and Post-Cold-War, and ethical issues.
Marie-des-Neiges Ruffo de Calabre, PhD. (2016), Université Paris-Sorbonne, is Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Namur, Belgium, and member of the Belgian Intelligence Studies Center. She works on the ethical issues related to security, defense and new technologies, including AI.
Table of contents
Notes on Contributors
Counter-Terrorism: The Border Not to Cross Benoit Royal
Counterterrorism and the Problem of Moral Exploitation Camilla Serck-Hanssen and Andreas Brekke Carlsson
What Terrorism is and is Not Boris Kashnikov
Divided by Ethical Choices? New or Old Debates between ‘mainstream’ Terrorism Scholars and Their Critics Asta Maskaliūnaitė
Should Collateral Damage be Considered Morally Acceptable when Using Armed Drones? Michaël Dewyn
Terrorism and Democratic Governance – What are We Willing to Pay? Kristina Tonn
Understanding Core Values: Observations on the British Military Benjamin Grove-White
Terror War: Complicity and Responsibility Arseniy Kumankov
Is There Anything New under the Sun? From Holy War to Modern Terror: On the Importance of Religious History for Understanding Terrorism Marcus Thurau
Methods for Preventing Terrorist Attacks under Question Olivier Risnes
The Hate Trail. Counter-Terrorism of the 21st Century and Its Challenges Desiree Verweij
Eye in the Sky: The Paradoxes of War Outside War, Imminent Threat, and the Virtuous Warrior in Military Drone Use Trish Glazebrook
Targeted Killing of Terrorists in War and Peace: An Analysis Based on the Jus Ad Bellum/ Jus in Bello (In)dependence Thesis Michaël Dewyn
21st Century Global Crises. Sovereignties, Identities, Terrorists Patrick Mileham