Proving Discriminatory Violence at the European Court of Human Rights Jasmina Mačkić unveils the evidentiary issues faced by the European Court of Human Rights when dealing with cases of discriminatory violence. In that context, she evaluates the Court’s application of the standard of proof ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ and aims to answer the question whether that standard forms an obstacle in establishing the occurrence of discriminatory violence. In addition, she offers an assessment into the circumstances in which the burden of proof may shift from the applicant to the respondent state. The author also looks at the types of evidentiary materials that may be used by the Court in order to establish discriminatory violence.
Jasmina Mačkić, Ph.D. (1984), Leiden University, is Assistant Professor of Human Rights Law at that university. She has published monographs, articles and case notes on the topical theme of discriminatory violence.
All interested in human rights law and the European Court of Human Rights, and anyone concerned with issues related to hate crime and the law of evidence.