Reshaping the Frontier Landscape: Dongchuan in Eighteenth-century Southwest China, Fei HUANG examines the process of reshaping the landscape of Dongchuan, a remote frontier city in Southwest China in the eighteenth century. Rich copper deposits transformed Dongchuan into one of the key outposts of the Qing dynasty, a nexus of encounters between various groups competing for power and space. The frontier landscape bears silent witness to the changes in its people’s daily lives and in their memories and imaginations. The literati, officials, itinerant merchants, commoners and the indigenous people who lived there shaped and reshaped the local landscape by their physical efforts and cultural representations. This book demonstrates how multiple landscape experiences developed among various people in dependencies, conflicts and negotiations in the imperial frontier.
Fei HUANG, Ph.D. (2012, Leiden University), is junior professor of Chinese Studies at the University of Tübingen, Germany. She has published articles on Chinese history in
New History Journal,
Late Imperial China, and
Journal of Asian History.
Abbreviations List of Illustrations List of Tables Acknowledgements
Introduction: Landscape and the Imperial Frontier Dongchuan and Northeastern Yunnan
A Landscape Studies Approach
Landscape in the Empire’s Frontier
Paving the Way Mountain and Road
Inside and Outside of the River
The Jinsha River and the Copper Transports
Valley and Mountain Moving from the Mountains into the
Bazi 1700–1730s War: Completing the
Bazi Spatial Network of the Copper Business
Newcomers, Indigenous People and Landscape Transformation
The Walled City The Indigenous Strongholds on the Huize
Bazi Building the Stone-Walled City
Top-Down or Bottom-Up?
The Planning of an Ideal Civilized Walled City
Ten Views The Scenic View Tradition
Sightseeing, the New Gazetteer and the Ten Views
The Ten Views and the Conventional Format
The Ten Views, Local Geography and the Copper Transportation
Zhenwu Shrine and Dragon Pool The Mountain, the Temple and the Shrine
Replacing the Dragon Cult
Praying, Entertaining and Remembering
Two Wenchang Temples Scholastic Good Fortune?
Relocating to Auspicious Sites?
“Huayizhai” or “Wanizhai”?
Preventing Water Disasters
Contesting Space between the Han and the Indigenous People
Ancestors, Chieftains and Indigenous Women The Meng Yan Shrine: An Indigenous General Who Surrendered
Shesai and the Origin of the Lu Surname
“Fake” Han Chinese People or “Fake” Indigenous People
The New Mansions Huiguan Associations in Frontier
All interested in Chinese history, particularly the Qing dynasty, plus anyone concerned with landscape studies in general, or urban and frontier studies of China in particular, will find this book useful.