The Caucasian Archaeology of the Holy Land

Armenian, Georgian and Albanian communities between the fourth and eleventh centuries CE


The Caucasian Archaeology of the Holy Land investigates the complete corpus of available literary, epigraphic and archaeological evidence of the Armenian, Georgian and Caucasian Albanian Christian communities’ activity in the Holy Land during the Byzantine and the Early Islamic periods. This book presents the first integrated approach to a wide variety of literary sources and archaeological evidence, previously unpublished or revised. The study explores the place of each of these Caucasian communities in ancient Palestine through a synthesis of literary and material evidence and seeks to understand the interrelations between them and the influence they had on the national churches of the Caucasus.
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Biographical Note

Yana Tchekhanovets, Ph.D. (2016), Hebrew University of Jerusalem, works as an archaeologist in Israel Antiquities Authority. Her research interests include the archaeology of the Caucasian Christian communities in Byzantine Palestine, the archaeology of the Late Antiquity and pilgrimage.

Table of contents

List of Figures
List of MapsXi
List of Tables
List of Abbreviations

1 Introduction

2 The Literary Sources
 Ecclesiastical Documents
 Holy Land Descriptions

3 The Archaeological Evidence
 The Armenian Community
 The Georgian Community

4 Manuscripts and Colophons
 Armenian Manuscripts
 Georgian Manuscripts
 Albanian Manuscripts

5 Finds vs. Texts
Archaeology and Literary Sources
 Types of Institutions
 Identification of the Sites

6 Caucasian Communities and the Holy Land
The Patterns of Interaction
 Interaction with the Church of Jerusalem: The Archaeological Evidence
 Interaction with the Church of Jerusalem: The Epigraphic Evidence
 Compatriots or Heretics? The Impact of Christological Controversies on the Relations Between the Communities
 The Communities in the Holy Land and Their Relations with the Homeland
 ‘On the Map”: Geographic Patterns of the Caucasian Communities




All interested in history and archaeology of Early Christianity in Palestine and Caucasian studies, and anyone interested in the approaches to the study of defined ethnic groups in archaeological record.