The book is a grammar of the Makasar language, spoken by about 2 million people in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Makasarese is a head–marking language which marks arguments on the predicate with a system of pronominal clitics, following an ergative/absolutive pattern. Full noun phrases are relatively free in order, while pre-predicate focus position which is widely used. The phonology is notable for the large number of geminate and pre–glottalised consonant sequences, while the morphology is characterised by highly productive affixation and pervasive encliticisation of pronominal and aspectual elements. The work draws heavily on literary sources reaching back more than three centuries; this tradition includes two Indic based scripts, a system based on Arabic, and various Romanised conventions.
Anthony Jukes, Ph.D. (2006), University of Melbourne, has worked on documenting and describing several languages of Sulawesi (Indonesia) especially Makassarese, and written about language language endangerment and documentation.
Paul James Sidwell, Ph.D. (1999) University of Melbourne, has published extensively on the history of the Austroasiatic languages. He was a Senior Research Fellow at the Australian National University until 2016 and subsequently worked in forensic linguistics as a private consultant.
List of Figures and Tables Abbreviations of Grammatical Terms A Note on Spelling Conventions Abbreviations of Sources for Example Sentences
The Area and Inhabitants 1.2
Historical Background 1.3
Religion and Culture 1.4
Comparative and Historical Data 1.5
Linguistic Ecology 1.6
Previous Studies of Makasar 1.7
Work on Related Languages 1.8
Sources of Data
Makasar Writing and Literature 2.1
Makasar and Bugis Scripts 2.2
Arabic Script (serang) 2.3
Romanised Orthography 2.4
Appendix A: Excerpt of the Gowa Chronicle from Manuscript KIT 668–216 Appendix B: Karaeng Ammanaka Bembe: The Karaeng Who Gave Birth to a Goat Appendix C: A'jappa–jappa ri Bulukumba: A Trip to Bulukumba Bibliography Index
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