The Love of Neighbour in Ancient Judaism

The Reception of Leviticus 19:18 in the Hebrew Bible, the Septuagint, the Book of Jubilees, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the New Testament


In The Love of Neighbour in Ancient Judaism, Kengo Akiyama traces the development of the mainstay of early Jewish and Christian ethics: "Love your neighbour." Akiyama examines several Second Temple Jewish texts in great detail and demonstrates a diverse range of uses and applications that opposes a simplistic and evolutionary trajectory often associated with the development of the "greatest commandment" tradition. The monograph presents surprisingly complex interpretative developments in Second Temple Judaism uncovering just how early interpreters grappled with the questions of what it means to love and who should be considered as their neighbour.

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Kengo Akiyama, PhD (2015), University of Edinburgh, is Lecturer of Biblical Hebrew at the University of California, Davis. He has published various articles in leading journals on ancient Judaism.
A.s Studie zur Rezeption des Gebots der Nächstenliebe im Frühjudentum zur Zeit des Zweiten Tempels und im Neuen Testament is schlüssig aufgebaut und liefert ein hilfreichen Überblick über die direkten Zitate von Lev 19.18 (bzw 19,33-34) in der Literatur dieses Zeitfensters. Damit leistet A einen nützlichen Beitrag zur Erhellung der Geschichte des Gebots der Nächstenliebe.
Thomas Hieke, in: Theologische Literaturzeitung 2019

...Akiyama has produced a very helpful book because of his careful, detailed study of the grammar and literary contexts of the love commandments and their quotations.
James W. Watts, RBL 2019
Acknowledgements 1 Introduction  1 In Search of an Ancient Reception History  2 Research Context  3 Aim and Scope  4 Leviticus 19:18 in Second Temple Jewish Literature  5 Course of Analysis 2 The Love Command in Leviticus  1 Introduction  2 The Love of Neighbour in Context  3 Conclusion 3 Leviticus 19:18 in the Septuagint and the Book of Jubilees  1 Introduction  2 Leviticus 19:18 in the Septuagint  3 Leviticus 19:18 in the Book of Jubilees  4 Conclusion 4 Leviticus 19:18 in the Dead Sea Scrolls  1 Introduction  2 Leviticus 19:18 in the Damascus Document  3 Leviticus 19:18 in the Community Rule?  4 Conclusion 5 Leviticus 19:18 in the New Testament  1 Introduction  2 The Pauline Love of Neighbour  3 The Jamesian Love of Neighbour  4 The Love of Neighbour in the Synoptic Gospels  5.5 Conclusion 6 Conclusion  1 Revisiting the Question  2 Summary of the Chapters  3 Tying the Knots: The Ancient Reception of Leviticus 19:18 Bibliography Index of Ancient Sources Index of Modern Authors Index of Subjects
All interested in the history of biblical interpretation, reception history, Jewish and Christian ethics, and early Jewish and Christian exegetical practices.
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