Heirs of the Apostles offers a panoramic survey of Arabic-speaking Christians—descendants of the Christian communities established in the Middle East by the apostles—and their history, religion, and culture in the early Islamic and medieval periods. The subjects range from Arabic translations of the Bible, to the status of Christians in the Muslim-governed lands, Muslim-Christian polemic, and Christian-Muslim and Christian-Jewish relations. The volume is offered as a Festschrift to Sidney H. Griffith, the doyen of Christian Arabic Studies in North America, on his eightieth birthday.
Contributors are: David Bertaina, Elie Dannaoui, Stephen Davis, Nathan P. Gibson, Cornelia Horn, Sandra Toenies Keating, Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Andrew Platt, Thomas W. Ricks, Barbara Roggema, Harald Suermann, Mark N. Swanson, Shawqi Talia, Jack Tannous, David Thomas, Jennifer Tobkin, Alexander Treiger, Ronny Vollandt, Clare Wilde, and Jason Zaborowski.
David Bertaina, Ph.D. (2007), Catholic University of America, is Associate Professor at the University of Illinois at Springfield. His teaching expertise is on Late Antiquity and the Medieval Middle East and his research focuses on the history of Christian-Muslim encounters.
Sandra Keating, Ph.D. (2001), Catholic University of America, is Associate Professor at Providence College. She is the author of
Defending the ‘People of Truth’ in the Early Islamic Period: The Christian Apologies of Abū Rā’iṭah (Brill 2006).
Mark N. Swanson, Doctor in Arabic and Islamic Studies (1992), PISAI, Rome, is professor of Christian-Muslim Studies and Interfaith Relations at the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago. His publications include
The Coptic Papacy in Islamic Egypt (AUC Press 2010).
Alexander Treiger, Ph.D. (2008), Yale University, is Associate Professor at Dalhousie University. He is editor of the series
Arabic Christianity: Texts and Studies (Brill) and co-editor of
The Orthodox Church in the Arab World (700-1700): An Anthology of Sources (2014).
PrefaceAbbreviationsNotes on ContributorsBibliography of Sidney H. Griffith’s Publications
Part 1 Arabic Language, Bible, and Qurʾān
An Arabic Christian Perspective on Monotheism in the Qurʾān: Elias of Nisibis’ Kitāb al-MajālisDavid Bertaina From Multiplicity to Unification of the Arabic Biblical Text: a Reading of the Rūm Orthodox Projects for the Arabization and Printing of the Gospels during the Ottoman PeriodElie Dannaoui Early Christian Arabic Translation Strategies (Matthew 11:20–30 in Codex Vat. Ar. 13)Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala Flawed Biblical Translations into Arabic and How to Correct Them: a Copt and a Jew Study Saadiah’s TafsīrRonny Vollandt The Utility of Christian Arabic Texts for Qurʾānic StudiesClare Wilde
Part 2 Arabic Christian Responses to Islam and Muslim Interpretations of Christianity
Apocalyptic Ecclesiology in Response to Early IslamCornelia B. Horn The Rationality of Christian Doctrine: Abū Rāʾiṭa al-Takrītī’s Philosophical Response to IslamSandra Toenies Keating The Doctrine of the Incarnation in Dialogue with Islam: Four Lines of ArgumentationThomas W. Ricks Muslim Views of the Cross as a Symbol of the Christian FaithShawqi Talia The Doctrine of the Trinity in Early Islam: Misperceptions and MisrepresentationsDavid Thomas
Part 3 Arabic Christianity in the Medieval Islamic World
Byzantine Monasticism and the Holy Land: Palestine in Byzantine Hagiography of the 11th and 12th CenturiesJohannes Pahlitzsch Inquiring of “Beelzebub”: Timothy and al-Jāḥiẓ on Christians in the ʿAbbāsid Legal SystemAndrew Platt and Nathan P. Gibson The Church and the Mosque in Wisdom’s Shade: on the Story of “Alexander and the Hermit Prince”Mark Swanson Revisiting Cheikho’s Assessment of Abū Tammām’s Christian OriginsJennifer Tobkin Paul of Antioch’s Responses to a Muslim SheikhAlexander Treiger
Part 4 Manuscript Discoveries
Evagrius Ponticus at the Monastery of the Syrians: Newly Documented Evidence for an Arabic Reception HistoryStephen J. Davis Christian-Muslim-Jewish Relations in Patristic Literature: the Arabic Questions and Answers of Basil and GregoryBarbara Roggema A Fragment of a Christian-Muslim Disputation “in the Style of Abū Rāʾiṭa and ʿĪsā ibn Zurʿa” (Gotha ar. 2882, fols. 16r–24v): a ReassessmentHarald Suermann A Greco-Arabic Palimpsest from the Sinai New Finds: Some Preliminary ObservationsJack Tannous An Arabic Manuscript of the Visions of Anba Shenouda: Edition and TranslationJason R. Zaborowski Index
All interested in the Arabic Christian communities in the Middle East, history of the Middle East, Church history, and Christian-Muslim relations.