Topographies of Tolerance and Intolerance challenges the narrative of a simple progression of tolerance and the establishment of confessional identity during the early modern period. These essays explore the lived experiences of religious plurality, providing insights into the developments and drawbacks of religious coexistence in this turbulent period. The essays examine three main groups of actors—the laity, parish clergy, and unacknowledged religious minorities—in pre- and post-Westphalian Europe. Throughout this period, the laity navigated their own often-fluid religious beliefs, the expectations of conformity held by their religious and political leaders, and the complex realities of life that involved interactions with co-religious and non-co-religious family, neighbors, and business associates on a daily basis.
Contributors are: James Blakeley, Amy Nelson Burnett, Victoria Christman, Geoffrey Dipple, Timothy G. Fehler, Emily Fisher Gray, Benjamin J. Kaplan, David M. Luebke, David Mayes, Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer, William Bradford Smith, and Shira Weidenbaum.
Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer is the Susan C. Karant-Nunn Chair of Reformation and Early Modern European History at the University of Arizona. She has published numerous works, including
From Priest’s Whore to Pastor’s Wife: Clerical Marriage and the Process of Reform in the Early German Reformation (2012).
Victoria Christman is Associate Professor of History at Luther College in Decorah, Iowa. Her publications include Pragmatic Toleration: The Politics of Religious Heterodoxy in Early Reformation Antwerp, 1515-1555 (2015), and articles on publishing, trade, and religious prosecutions in the Low Countries.
List of Figures and Maps Notes on Contributors
PrologueBenjamin J. Kaplan
Part 1 Defining the Boundaries of Tolerance and Intolerance
Ideology, Pragmatism, and Coexistence Religious Tolerance in the Early Modern West Victoria Christman
Resisting Biconfessionalism and Coexistence in the Common Territories of the Western Swiss Confederation James Blakeley
The Persecution of Witches and the Discourse on Toleration in Early Modern Germany William Bradford Smith
Coexistence and Confessionalization Emden’s Topography of Religious Pluralism Timothy G. Fehler
Concubinaries as Citizens Mediating Confessional Plurality in Westphalian Towns, 1550–1650 David M. Luebke
Part 2 Mapping Memory and Arbitrating Good Neighbors
Imagined Conversations Strategies for Survival in the Dialogues Rustiques Shira C. Weidenbaum
Anabaptists and Seventeenth-Century Arguments for Religious Toleration in Switzerland and the Netherlands Geoffrey Dipple
Celebrating Peace in Biconfessional Augsburg Lutheran Churches and Remembrance Culture Emily Fisher Gray
Discord via Toleration Clerical Conflict in the Post-Westphalian Imperial Territories David Mayes
Parish Clergy, Patronage Rights, and Regional Politics in the Convent Churches of Welver, 1532–1697 Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer