With this descriptive grammar of Nganasan Beáta Wagner-Nagy presents a comprehensive description of the highly endangered Samoyedic language, spoken only by a small number of individuals on Siberia’s Taimyr Peninsula. Based on corpus data from the Nganasan Spoken Language Corpus as well as field work the grammar follows a traditional structure. Contents range from a description of phonetic features and phonological processes over word classes, morphological features to syntactic and semantic properties. The grammar highlights morphophonological alternations as well as the pragmatic organization of Nganasan. A discussion of the core vocabulary completes the account in addition to two sample texts.
The grammar reflects significant typological aspects thus serving as a reasonable basis for further comparison in Uralic studies.
Beáta Wagner-Nagy, Ph.D. (2000) University of Szeged (Hungary), is Professor of Finno-Ugric/Uralic studies at the University of Hamburg. She has published several articles and books on Samoyedic languages as well as linguistic typology.
AcknowledgmentsPrefaceAbbreviations and SymbolsTables, Figures and Maps
1 Introduction 1 The People 2 The Language 3 Language Data
2 Phonetics and Phonology 1 Consonants 2 Vowels 3 Possible Combinations of Consonants and Vowels 4 Syllable Structure 5 Syllabification 6 Prosodic Characteristics 7 Morphophonological Rules
3 Word Classes 1 Nouns 2 Adjectives 3 Verbs 4 Pronominal Items 5 Adverbs 6 Postposition 7 Numerals and Quantifiers 8 Conjunctions und Particles 9 Interjections and Onomatopoetic Words
4 Nominal Inflection 1 Stems and Their Formation 2 Number and Its Usage 3 Case and Its Functions 4 Possessive Inflection 5 Destinative
5 Verbal Inflection 1 Conjugation Types and Agreement 2 Aspect 3 Tense 4 Mood 5 Stems 6 Aspect 7 Conjugations Types 8 Tense 9 Mood and Modality 10 Non-finite Verb Forms
6 Evidentiality 1 Inferred Evidentiality 2 Reported Evidentiality 3 Sensory Evidentiality
7 Verbal Valence and Valence-Changing Operations 1 Verbal Valence 2 Valence-Changing Operations
8 The Structure of the Noun Phrase 1 Attributive Modifiers 2 Determined Noun Phrase (DP) 3 Quantified Noun Phrase 4 Noun Phrase as Modifier 5 Constituent Order in NPs 6 Coordination within NP and Comitative Constructions 7 Definiteness within the NP
9 Types of Predicate 1 Verbal Predication 2 Non-verbal Predicate 3 Existential and Locative Clauses 4 Possessive Clauses
10 Simple Sentences 1 Clause Participant and Grammatical Relations in Sentences 2 Basic Sentence Types 3 Constituent Order 4 Comparative Constructions
11 Ditransitive Constructions 1 Coding of Recipient and Addressee 2 Coding the Beneficiary 3 Coding the Theme
12 Negation 1 Sentence Negation 2 Constituent Negation 3 Other Negative Constructions
13 Clause Combining 1 Coordination 2 Complementation 3 Adverbial Clauses 4 Relative Clauses
14 Discourse Organization 1 Word Order and Information Structuring 2 Reference Tracking 3 Direct and Indirect Speech
15 Lexicon 1 Noun Class Semantics and Sub-classification 2 Adjective Class Semantics and Sub-classification 3 Verb Class Semantics and Sub-classification 4 Loanwords
16 Word Formation 1 Compounding 2 Conversion 3 Broadening and Narrowing of Meaning 4 Word Creation 5 Stem Vowel Alternation 6 Derivation 7 Clitic-Like Morphemes
17 Text Samples 1 My Life 2 Nenets Man and the Giant ReferencesIndex
All linguists dealing with typology, different aspects of morphology and syntax or phonology. In addition it will be interesting to historical linguists or experts of Siberian languages.