Pedagogies for Building Cultures of Peace

Challenging Constructions of an Enemy

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Pedagogies for Building Cultures of Peace explores how normalizations of violence are constructed from the perspective of young adults and how pedagogies can be created toward building cultures of peace. Findings show the diverse ways in which enmity (or the dehumanized other) is constructed, including through socialization processes, associating difference as deficient, systems of exclusion, disengaged citizenship, and cultures of competition and rivalry. Results also show how critical adult education can reveal hidden forms of power embedded within normalizations of violence, creating opportunities for peacebuilding education. By collaboratively engaging in peace research with youth, and by explicitly exploring power as a central component of violence, violence transformation and peacebuilding education led by youth become imaginable.
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Biographical Note

Catherine Baillie Abidi, Ph.D. (2015), St. Francis Xavier University, is a part-time professor at Mount Saint Vincent University. She has published many articles on peacebuilding, violence transformation and community engagement.

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
Introduction & Positionality

1 Peacebuilding – Challenges & Opportunities

2 Understanding Violence
 1 Defijining Violence
 2 Violence & Peace
 3 Constructions of an Enemy

3 The Interconnections of Violence, Peace & Power
 1 Understanding Power
 2 Power Frameworks

4 Educational Frameworks for Building Cultures of Peace
 1 Education for Peace – Foundational Perspectives
 2 Critical Adult Education & Education for Peace
 3 Contributions from Peacebuilding
 4 Contributions from International Humanitarian Law
 5 Intersections and Possibilities: Peace Work in Adult Education

5 Youth as Peacebuilders
 1 Young Adult Participants: Demographics & Relationships

6 Participatory, Critical and Collaborative Research with Youth
 1 Participatory and Collaborative Research – Inspirations from par
 2 Participatory and Collaborative Methodologies with Youth
 3 Methods: Pedagogical Processes
 4 Community Standards and Participation Processes
 5 par-Inspired Data Analysis
 6 Methodological Insights

7 Constructions of Enmity: Perspectives from Youth  1 Constructions of Enmity
 2 Looking Back, Learning Together, Moving Ahead: Key Insights from Professional Informants
 3 Exploring Enmity Together – Collaborative Learning
 4 Conclusions and Discussions

8 Exploring Power Assumptions with Youth
 1 Power and Agency
 2 Power and Relations
 3 Power and Social Structure
 4 Finding #7: Explicitly Exploring Assumptions of Power is Key for Collaborative Social Action
 5 Frameworks for Analyzing Power
 6 ‘The Onion’ Analysis
 7 Expressions and Forms of Power

9 Strategies for Building Cultures of Peace with Youth
 1 The Goal: Building Cultures of Peace
 2 What is Needed for Cultures of Peace?
 3 Measuring Progress Towards Cultures of Peace
 4 Finding #8: Respectful and Equitable Relations are Building Blocks for Cultures of Peace
 5 Strategies for Cultures of Peace
 6 Empowered Individuals – Engaged Citizens
 7 Peaceful Relations
 8 Experiential Learning
 9 Discussion & Conclusions: Where Do We Go from Here?

10 Violence Transformation & Building Cultures of Peace
 1 Relational Approaches to Violence Transformation & Peacebuilding
 2 Relational, Peacebuilding Pedagogies
 3 Critical, Constructive and Relational Pedagogies for Peace
 4 Experiential Learning
 5 Sites for Peace Work within Adult Education
 6 Critical Adult Education and Violence Transformation: Concluding Thoughts

11 Significance and Conclusion: Peace, Pedagogy and Possibilities
 1 Research Signifijicance
 2 Opportunities and Recommendations: Future Research and Practice
 3 Conclusion

Appendix 1: Expressions of Power
Appendix 2: Alternative Approaches to Peace Work
Appendix 3: Guidelines for Photography
Appendix 4: Guidelines for Informal Conversations & Interviews with Young Adults
Appendix 5: Community Standards
Glossary
References
Index

Readership

All adult educators and those working in the area of peace and conflict, particularly those working with youth and young adults.

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