Two Thousand Years in Dendi, Northern Benin

Archaeology, History and Memory

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Editor: Anne Haour
In Two Thousand Years in Dendi, Northern Benin an international team examines a little-known part of the Niger River valley, West Africa, over the longue durée. This area, known as Dendi, has often been portrayed as the crossroads of major West African medieval empires but this understanding has been based on a small number of very patchy historical sources. Working from the ground up, from the archaeological sites, standing remains, oral traditions and craft industries of Dendi, Haour and her team offer the first in-depth account of the area.

Contributors are: Paul Adderley, Mardjoua Barpougouni, Victor Brunfaut, Louis Champion, Annalisa Christie, Barbara Eichhorn, Anne Filippini, Dorian Fuller, Olivier Gosselain, David Kay, Nadia Khalaf, Nestor Labiyi, Raoul Laibi, Richard Lee, Veerle Linseele, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Carlos Magnavita, Sonja Magnavita, Didier N'Dah, Nicolas Nikis, Sam Nixon, Franck N’Po Takpara, Jean-François Pinet, Ronika Power, Caroline Robion-Brunner, Lucie Smolderen, Abubakar Sule Sani, Romuald Tchibozo, Jennifer Wexler, Wim Wouters.
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Biographical Note

Anne Haour, DPhil Oxford (2002), is Professor in the Arts and Archaeology of Africa at the Sainsbury Research Unit, University of East Anglia. She has published extensively on the archaeology of West Africa and on wider themes such as empires.

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
List of Figures and Tables
List of Maps

Part 1


1 Introduction
Anne Haour

2 Crossing Archaeology and Oral Tradition: Approaching Dendi History from Sites of Memory
Olivier Gosselain and Lucie Smolderen

3 Palaeoenvironmental Data on Dendi, in the Last 3000 Years
Anne Haour

4 The Archaeology of the Eastern Niger Valley
Anne Haour and Didier N’Dah

5 An Archaeological and Ethnographic Approach to a Site and Its Region
Anne Haour, Olivier Gosselain, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Sam Nixon and Didier N’Dah

Part 2


6 Landforms, Hydrography, and Vegetation
Raoul Laïbi, Didier N’Dah and Paul Adderley

7 The Archaeological Landscape: Survey and Settlement
Nadia Khalaf, Anne Haour, Didier N’Dah and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

Part 3


8 Ethnographic Methods
Olivier Gosselain, Lucie Smolderen, Victor Brunfaut, Jean-François Pinet and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

9 Architecture and Settlements Today
Victor Brunfaut and Jean-François Pinet

10 Textile Production in Dendi: An Ethnographic and Historical Study of a Chain of Production
Lucie Smolderen

Part 4


11 Excavation Strategies and Methods: Approaching an Archaeological Terra Incognita
Anne Haour, Didier N’Dah, Carlos Magnavita, Sam Nixon and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

12 The Mound of Tombo: Introduction to the Site
Didier N’Dah, Carlos Magnavita, Sam Nixon, Anne Haour and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

13 The Geophysical Prospection of Birnin Lafiya
Carlos Magnavita

14 The Pavements at Tombo Birnin Lafiya
Didier N’Dah and Barpougouni Mardjoua

15 Pavements and Other Architectural Features
Sam Nixon

16 Stratigraphy and Dating: Excavation Units and Associated Dates
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Louis Champion, Nicolas Nikis and Anne Haour

17 The Pottery
Anne Haour, Sam Nixon, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Nicolas Nikis, and David K. Kay

18 Ironworking
Caroline Robion-Brunner

19 Metal Objects and Slag from Birnin Lafiya
Anne Filippini

20 Beads and Pendants
Sonja Magnavita

21 The Cowrie Shells
Annalisa Christie and Anne Haour

22 Figurines and Terracotta Objects
Romuald Tchibozo

23 Archaeobotanical Remains
Louis Champion and Dorian Fuller

24 Wood Charcoal
Barbara Eichhorn

25 Animal Remains
Veerle Linseele and Wim Wouters

26 Human Skeletal Material
Ronika K. Power and Anne Haour

Part 5


27 Birnin Lafiya within West African Archaeology
Anne Haour and Sam Nixon

28 The Site within West African Political and Craft History
Olivier Gosselain and Anne Haour

Part 6: Catalogue of Trench Descriptions


A Pekinga (PEK)
Abubakar Sule Sani

B Toutokayeri (TTO-14-SI, II & III)
Nicolas Nikis, Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Anne Haour

C Kompa Dune (KOD)
Anne Haour and Nadia Khalaf

D Torouwey (TRO-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Olivier Gosselain

E Kompanti (PTI-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Nicolas Nikis

F Tin Tin Kanza
Louis Champion, Nadia Khalaf and Anne Haour

G Boyeri (BOY-14-SI & II)
Nicolas Nikis, Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Olivier Gosselain

H Bogo Bogo (GOG-14-SI)
Nicolas Nikis and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

I Kwara zeno (KAZ-14-SI & II)
Pascal Gnankpo Amoussou, Inès Corolin Amoussou, Nicolas Nikis, Olivier Gosselain and Alexandre Livingstone Smith

J Gorouberi (GOB-13-SII)
Caroline Robion-Brunner

K Gorouberi (GOB-14-SI & II)
Nicolas Nikis, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Anne Filippini and Anne Haour

L Karimama (KAR-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Nicolas Nikis

M Kusulabu (KUS-14-SI & SII)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Nicolas Nikis and Barpougouni Mardjoua

N Kozungu (KOZ-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Nicolas Nikis

O Tondo windi (TOW-14-SI)
Louis Champion and Anne Haour

P Bokorobu (BOK)
Frank N’Po Takpara

Q Birnin Lafiya (S1)
Anne Haour

R Birnin Lafiya (S4)
Anne Haour and Barpougouni Mardjoua

S Birnin Lafiya (S5)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Nicolas Nikis, Louis Champion and Anne Haour

T Birnin Lafiya (S8)
Richard Lee

U Birnin Lafiya (S9)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Nicolas Nikis

V Birnin Lafiya (S3/10)
Sam Nixon

W Birnin Lafiya (S11)
Richard Lee

X Birnin Lafiya S13
Jennifer Wexler and Nestor Labiyi

Y Kargui (KGI-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Anne Fillipini

Z Alibori I
Didier N’Dah

AA Alibori Site 2
Didier N’Dah

AB Molla (MOL-14-SI)
Inès Carolin Amoussou, Nicolas Nikis, Alexandre Livingstone Smith and Anne Haour

AC Tomboutou (TOU-14-SI)
Pascal Gnankpo Amoussou, Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Nicolas Nikis and Anne Haour

AD Kantoro (KRO-14)
Louis Champion, Anne Haour and Anne Filippini

AE Garou (GAR-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith

AF Guene zeno (ENE-14/SI & II)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith

AG Guene (GUE-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith

AH Kouboukoukourou (ROU-14-SI)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith

AI Madekali (KLI-14-SI & RC1)
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Louis Champion and Nicolas Nikis

Pottery Plates

Catalogue of Small Finds

Radiocarbon Dates

Gazetteer
References
Maps
Index

Readership

All interested in the archaeology of Africa, crafts in West Africa, memorialisation and conceptions of history among West African communities, and the political and economic history and archaeology of Africa.

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