Many judgments regarding what is good or bad, possible or impossible, rely upon unspoken assumptions or frameworks which are used to view and evaluate events and actions. Philosophers uncover these hidden aspects of thoughts and judgments, scrutinizing them for soundness, validity, and fairness. These assumptions and frameworks permeate the topics of violence, nonviolence, war, conflict, and reconciliation; and these assumptions influence how we address these problems and issues. The papers in this volume explore what kind of assumptions and frameworks would be needed in order for people to see nonviolence as a sensible approach to contemporary problems. Topics include conceptions of positive peace, nonviolence and international structures, and perspectives on peace education. Contributors are Elizabeth N. Agnew, Andrew Fitz-Gibbon, William C. Gay, Ronald J. Glossop, Ian M. Harris, John Kultgen, Joseph C. Kunkel, Douglas Lewis, Danielle Poe and Harry van der Linden.
Michael Patterson Brown, Ph.D. is a peace educator, activist, and philosopher who has worked with the Fellowship of Reconciliation.
Katy Gray Brown, Ph.D., teaches philosophy and peace studies at Manchester University in Indiana, home to the first undergraduate peace studies program.
Table of contents
Notes on Contributors
Michael Patterson Brown and Katy Gray Brown
Part 1:Nonviolence and Positive Peace
1 The Practice of Peace: Thinking, Speaking, Acting
William C. Gay 2 Can You Hear Me Now? The Element of Listening in Positive Peace
Elizabeth N. Agnew 3 The Ethics of Care and Violence
Andrew Fitz-Gibbon 4 Freedom, Oppression, and the Ethics of Ambiguity
Part 2:Nonviolence and International Structures
5 The Impotence of Moral Arguments in the Debate Over Nuclear Deterrence
John Kultgen 6 The U.S. Constitution, Human Rights, and Iraq
Joseph C. Kunkel 7 Questioning Combatant’s Privilege in Unjust Wars
Harry van der Linden 8 The International Criminal Court: Progressing despite U.S. Opposition
Ronald J. Glossop
Part 3:Nonviolence and Peace Education
9 A Philosophic Framework for Peace Education
Ian M. Harris 10 Perspectives from a Catholic, Marianist University on Teaching Peace
Danielle Poe 11 Dewey’s Political Ethics as Applied Philosophy that Advances International Peace
William C. Gay
All interested in a critique of militarism and violence and alternatives offered by an understanding of theoretical and practical nonviolence through the lens of philosophers.