Site of Amnesia: The Lost Historical Consciousness of Mizrahi Jewry

Representation of the Experience of the Jews of North Africa and the Middle East during World War II in Israeli, European and Middle Eastern Film and Television

Series:

This study deepens our historical understanding of the North-African Jewish and Middle Eastern Jewish experience during WWII, which is often under- or mis-represented by the media in Israel, the Arab world, France, and Italy. Public, historical and sociocultural discourse is examined to clarify whether these communities are accepted by the world as "Holocaust survivors". Further, it determines the extent to which their wartime history is revealed to Israeli society in its cultural performances. Importantly, this work addresses the reasons why the Holocaust of North African Jewry is absent from Israeli and world consciousness. Finally, the study contemplates the consequences of these phenomena for Israeli society as well as in the colonial countries of France and Italy.

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EUR €165.00USD $198.00

Biographical Note

Yvonne Kozlovsky Golan, Ph.D. (2003), University of Haifa, is Senior Lecturer and founding chair of the Interdisciplinary Program for Culture and Film Studies at that university. Her research focuses on history, cinema and media, especially relating to Israel studies, Holocaust and genocide.

Table of contents

Preface and Acknowledgements

Introduction
1 Origins and Description of Multilateral Development Banks’ Sanctions Regimes
 Introduction
 1 Origins of Multilateral Development Banks’ Sanctions Regime   A Federal Acquisition Regulation ( far )
   (i) Causes for Debarment
   (ii) Suspension
   (iii) Debarment Procedures
   (iv) Judicial Review and Due Process Rights
  B Evolution of the World Bank Group’s Sanctions System
   (i) First Sanctions Regime
   (ii) The Thornburgh Report
   (iii) Expansion of Sanctions Regime beyond Procurement and Launch of the Voluntary Disclosure Programme
   (iv) Early Harmonisation Efforts with Other mdb s
 2 Description of Multilateral Development Banks’ Sanctions Regimes
  A World Bank Group’s Sanctions Regime
   (i) Two-Step Decision-Making Process
   (ii) Range of Possible Sanctions
   (iii) Settlements
  B Inter-American Development Bank’s Sanctions Regime
   (i) Early Developments and the Thornburgh Report
   (ii) Two-Step Decision-Making Process
   (iii) Range of Possible Sanctions
   (iv) Settlements
  C European Bank for Reconstruction and Development’s Sanctions Regime
   (i) Early Developments
   (ii) Two-Step Decision-Making Process
   (iii) Range of Possible Sanctions
   (iv) Settlements
  D African Development Bank’s Sanctions Regime
   (i) Early Developments
   (ii) Two-Step Decision-Making Process
   (iii) Range of Possible Sanctions
   (iv) Settlements
  E Asian Development Bank’s Sanctions Regime
   (i) Early Developments
   (ii) Two-Step Decision-Making Process
   (iii) Range of Possible Sanctions
 3 Comparison of Multilateral Development Banks’ Sanctions Regimes and the Cross-Debarment Regime
  A Comparison of Multilateral Development Banks’ Sanctions Regimes
  B Cross-Debarment Regime
 Conclusion
2 Judicial Review Standards
 Introduction
 1 Judicial Review Standards in the uk
  A Bases for Judicial Review
  B Required Procedures
   (i) Notice
   (ii) Right to Make Representations: Written or Oral Proceedings?
   (iii) Right to Call and Cross-Examine Witnesses
   (iv) Right to Legal Representation
   (v) Failure to give Reasons for the Final Decision
 2 Judicial Review Standards in the US
  A Bases for Judicial Review
  B Required Procedures
 Conclusion
3 Accountability of International Organisations
 Introduction
 1 Basis of International Organisations’ Immunities
 2 Case Law
  A US Courts
  B UK Courts
  C Italian Courts
  D French Courts
  E Belgian Courts
  F Human Rights Dimension and the echr
 Conclusion
4 What Legal Principles Should Form the basis of mdb s’ Sanctions Regimes?
 Introduction
 1 Customary Law and General Principles
 2 Global Administrative Law
 3 Article 6(1) of the European Convention on Human Rights
  A Civil Rights
  B Hearing
  C Independent and Impartial Tribunal
 4 Public Judgment/Reasoning of Judicial Decisions
   (i) Fair Trial
 5 Jurisprudence of Multilateral Development Banks’ Administrative Tribunals
  A Discovery Rights
  B Oral Hearings and Witnesses
  C Publication of Decisions
  D Composition of Administrative Tribunals
   (i) wbat
   (ii) UN Appeals Tribunal
   (iii) imf Administrative Tribunal
 Conclusion
5 Due Process Standards in Multilateral Development Banks’ Sanctions Regimes
 Introduction
 1 Discovery Rights
  A Permissive Approach and Production of Documents
  B Experts’ Reports and Assessment of Evidence
  C Witnesses and Oral Hearings
 2 Publication of Decisions
 3 Referral to National Authorities
 4 Composition of Sanctions Boards
  A Sanctions Board Members’ Independence and Impartiality
  B Appointment of Sanctions Board Members
 5 Range of Sanctions and their Proportionality to the Wrongdoing
 6 Baseline Sanction
 7 Restitution
 8 Settlements
 Conclusion
6 Treatment of Corporate Groups under Multilateral Development Banks’ Sanctions Regimes
 Introductionv  1 Overview of the Harmonized Principles on Treatment of Corporate Groups
 2 Liability of a Company for its Employees’ Wrongdoings
  A US Law
  B UK Law
  C Application of the Foregoing Principles to mdb s’ Sanctions Procedures
 3 Liability of a Parent for its Subsidiaries’ Wrongdoings
  A US Law
   (i) General Approach
   (ii) Criminal Liability, Including fcpa
   (iii) Proposals for Reforms of the US System
  B UK Law
   (i) General Approach
   (ii) Criminal Liability, Including UK Bribery Act
  C Application of the Foregoing Principles to mdb s’ Sanctions Procedures
 4 Liability of a Subsidiary for its Parent’s Wrongdoings
  A US and EU Sanctions Regimes
  B Application of the Foregoing Principles to mdb s’ Sanctions Procedures
 5 Successor Liability
  A US Law
  B UK Law
  C Application of the Foregoing Principles to mdb s’ Sanctions Procedures
 Conclusion
7 Conclusion and Way Forward

Bibliography
Index

Readership

All interested in the history of World War II in North Africa, the lives of Jews under German rule, Mizrahi-Ashkenazi relations in Israel, and the influence of politics and governance on Holocaust memory in Europe, the Middle East, and Israel.

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