Beyond Schools: Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Wazīrʼs (d. 840/1436) Epistemology of Ambiguity

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In Beyond Schools: Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Wazīrʼs (d. 840/1436) Epistemology of Ambiguity, Damaris Wilmers provides the first extensive analysis of Ibn al-Wazīrʼs thought and its role in the “Sunnisation of the Zaydiyya”, emphasizing its significance for conflicts between schools of thought and law beyond the Yemeni context. Contrasting Ibn al-Wazīrʼs works with those of his Zaydi contemporary Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā b. al-Murtaḍā, Damaris Wilmers offers a study of a number of heretofore unedited texts from 9th/15th century Yemen when Zaydi identity was challenged by an increasing theological and legal diversity. She shows how Ibn al-Wazīr, who has been classed with different schools, actually de-emphasized school affiliation and developed an integrative approach based on a unique theory of knowledge.
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Biographical Note

Damaris Wilmers, Ph.D. (2015), Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, works at the National Records and Archives Authority in Muscat. Her research and publication has focused on theological and legal diversity in Yemen. She has recently developed an interest in Oman´s intellectual history.

Table of contents

Acknowledgements
Introduction
1 Life and Intellectual Environment of Ibn al-Wazīr and Ibn al-Murtaḍā  1  Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm b. al-Wazīr’s (d. 840/1436) Biography  2  Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā b. al-Murtaḍā (d. 840/1436) as a Scholar  3  Conclusion
2 Ibn al-Wazīr’s Works  1  Al-Amr bi-l-ʿuzla  2  Al-ʿAwāṣim wa-l-awāṣim  3  Al-Āyāt al-mubīnāt  4  Āyāt al-aḥkām al-sharʿiyya  5  Al-Burhān al-qāṭiʿ fī ithbāt al-ṣāniʿ  6  Al-Ḥusām al-mashhūr  7  Al-Istiẓhār bi-l-dalīl al-samʿī fī ʿadam wuqūʿ al-ṭalāq al-bidʿī  8  Īthār al-ḥaqq ʿalā l-khalq  9  Kitāb al-Qawāʿid  10  Kitāb fī l-tafsīr  11  Majmaʿ al-ḥaqāʾiq wa-l-raqāʾiq fī mamādiḥ rabb al-khalāʾiq  12  Manẓūma shiʿriyya fī uṣūl al-fiqh  13  Masāʾil arbaʿa tataʿallaq bi-l-muqallad wa-l-mustaftī  14  Masʾalat ikhtilāf al-Muʿtazila wa-l-Ashʿariyya fī ḥamd Allāh ʿalā l-īmān  15  Masāʾil mustakhrajāt  16  Masāʾil shāfiyāt  17  Masāʾil sharīfa  18  Mukhtaṣar mufīd fī ʿulūm al-ḥadīth  19  Muthīr al-aḥzān fī wadāʿ shahr Ramaḍān  20  Nuṣrat al-aʿyān  21  Qubūl al-bushrā bi-l-taysīr lil-yusrā  22  Al-Rawḍ al-bāsim  23  Al-Taʾdīb al-malakūtī  24  Taḥrīr al-kalām fī masʾalat al-ruʾya  25  Takhṣīṣ āyāt al-jumʿa  26  Tanqīḥ al-anẓār fī maʿrifat ʿulūm al-āthār  27  Tarjīḥ asālīb al-Qurʾān ʿalā asālīb al-Yūnān  28  Additional Works Ascribed to Ibn al-Wazīr
3 Central Concepts of Ibn al-Wazīr’s Epistemological Thought  1  Definitions of Knowledge  2  Definitions of the Means to Possess Knowledge  3  The Proof of God’s Existence (ithbāt al-ṣāniʿ)  4  The Argument from the Absence of Evidence (al-istidlāl bi-l-ʿadam)  5  Conclusion
4 Central Concepts of Ibn al-Wazīr’s Theological Thought  1  God’s Wisdom (ḥikma) as the Key to Harmonization  2  Harmonized Doctrine: God’s Names (asmāʾ) and Attributes (ṣifāt)  3  Harmonized Doctrine: God’s Will (irāda)  4  Harmonized Doctrine: Human Actions (afʿāl al-ʿibād) and Free Will (ikhtiyār)  5  Conclusion
5 The Structure of Legal Authority in Ibn al-Wazīr’s Thought  1  The Theory of Infallibilism and the Probability of Ijtihād  2  The Possibility of Ijtihād and the Existence of Mujtahids  3  Taqlīd and Concepts of Following  4  The Requirements (shurūṭ) for Ijtihād  5  Divisibility (tajazzuʾ) of Ijtihād and the Discerning Student (al-ṭālib al-mumayyiz)  6  Extrapolation of Principles (takhrīj)  7  The Muqallid’s Commitment to a Legal School (iltizām)  8  Conclusion
6 Conclusion
Bibliography Index of Pre-Modern Authors Index of Geographical Names Index of Pre-Modern Books Index of Quran Citations Index of Arabic Terms

Readership

Those interested in epistemology, theology, legal theory, conflicts between schools of thought and law, the Zaydiyya and Islam in Yemen.

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