In the historiography of trade in the Middle Ages, there is a wide current of theoretical consideration referring to the ways contemporaries perceived trade. The present work pays specific attention to how trade functioned within the range of the influence of the Ottonian Empire and Byzantium, from the 10th to 12th centuries. This book attempts to verify these concepts in the extensive available source. The manner of circulation of goods and the phenomenon of accumulating goods is a significant product of the present book, demonstrating how imperial influences that perceived through the prism of generative centres on the peripheries of Europe. This volume is the English translation of Handel interregionalny od X do XII wieku. Europa Środkowa, Środkowo-Wschodnia, Półwysep Skandynawski i Półwysep Bałkański. Studium Porównawcze (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika,Torun 2016).
Piotr Pranke is a lecturer at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. He has published monographs and many articles in Polish, German and English. He is interested in Early Medieval Scandinavia, ‘economy’ and the first Piast’s state.
Milos Žečević is a PhD student in History at (Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy / Kazimierz the Great Univeristy) UKW in Bydgoszcz, Poland. He has published monographs, and many articles in Polish, Serbian and English. He is interested in dependent population in the Balkans in the Middle Ages.
List of Figures Abbreviations
1 Theories of Socioeconomic Impact: From Immanuel Wallerstein’s ‘World Systems’ to Kondratiev/Schumpeter Waves
1.1 World Systems Analysis: From Business Cycles to Ancient World Theory
1.2 Central Place Theory, Gateway Cities, Break-In Transportation Theory: an Outline
1.3 Substantivism and Formalism: a Dispute over the Importance of Economic Phenomena in the Past
2 Trade in the Period from the 10th to the 12th Centuries: Merchants during the Early and High Middle Ages
2.1 Who Are the Merchants?
2.2 Those Who Come and Go: the Idea of an Itinerant Market
2.3 Fair Trading
2.4 The Customs Duty System: Just and Fair Duty
3 The Scandinavian Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula: a Comparative Analysis
3.1 Scandinavian Economic Penetration in the Light of Sources of North European Provenance
3.2 Scandinavian Economic Penetration in the Light of Oriental Sources
3.3 Trade on the Balkan Peninsula Territory
3.4 Production and Dependent Population: an Example of the Balkan Peninsula
4 Goods That Were Exchanged in Trade
Appendix: A Source Study: High Medieval Market Institutions—“ut nullus teloneum exigat nisi in mercatibus ubi communia commertia emuntur ac venundantur”
List of Customs Privileges in Post-Carolingian Europe (10th–12th Century)
List of Mint Privileges in the Post-Carolingian Europe (10th–12th Century)
List of Market Privileges for the Post-Carolingian Europe (10th–12th Century)
Trade Privileges in the Balkans
Conclusions Bibliography Index
All interested in Medieval Studies, specifically economics and cultural exchange in frontier regions, and everyone concerned in the archaeology and history of East – Central, Central and Northern Europe in the Middle Ages.