Illuminating Sanctity

The Body, Soul and Glorification of Saint Amand in the Miniature Cycle in Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale, MS 500

Series:

Maria R. Grasso’s monograph on the twelfth-century illustrated vita of Saint Amand, Valenciennes, Bibliothèque municipale MS 500, presents new information regarding its contents. The author’s discovery and analysis of a second almost complete set of preliminary drawings beneath another set of the same drawings demonstrates that important alterations were made prior to the execution of the cycle. Grasso’s discussion includes the probable reason for the change: the isolation of the terminating folio depicting the soul of Amand. This important devotional image is the focus of detailed analysis since the soul of Amand rests in the lap of a male figure she convincingly identifies as Christ, an extremely unusual placement for the soul of a saint, demonstrating the creativity of the artists.

E-Book : List price

EUR €125.00USD $151.00
Biographical Note
Maria R. Grasso, Ph.D. (2014), The Courtauld Institute, is an independent scholar whose interests include the medieval depiction of the soul and the afterlife. Recent publications include essays on Abraham’s Bosom (Routledge, 2017) and the Codex Echternach (forthcoming, 2019).
Table of contents
Acknowledgments
List of Figures
Abbreviations
Glossary

1 An Introduction to Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale, MS 500
 1 Saint Amand
 2 The Vita as a Genre
 3 The Three Illustrated Vitae of Saint Amand

2 MS 500: Its Date and Structure
 1 Dating Evidence
  1.1 Dating the MS 500 Vita of Saint Amand
  1.2 Dating the Cycle of Miniatures of Saint Amand
 2 The Incorrect Binding of Gatherings in MS 500
  2.1 Current and Corrected Arrangement of the Leaves
 3 The Miniatures and the Preliminary Drawings
 4 The Purpose of the Preliminary Drawings
  4.1 Preliminary Drawings I
  4.2 Preliminary Drawings II
 5 Aldegonde’s Vision of Amand and the Miniature of Amand’s Soul with Christ
  5.1 Aldegonde and the Vision of Amand
  5.2 Aldegonde’s Vision and the Missing Leaf
 6 Planning Overview
 7 Conclusion

3 The Artists and Techniques in the Miniatures Cycle in Valenciennes, Bibliothèque Municipale MS 500
 1 The Abbey of Saint-Amand as a Creative Centre
 2 Transmission and Possible Sources
 3 Artists and Techniques
  3.1 Analysis and Methodology
  3.2 Comparisons of Miniatures
  3.3 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v. Amand’s Entombment and Soul, and f. 68r His Glorification (Appx. A.20, A.29)
   3.3.1 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v, and f. 68r. Palette
   3.3.2 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v, and f. 68r. Horizontal Bars
   3.3.3 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v, and f. 68r. Figures, and Facial Features
   3.3.4 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v, and f. 68r. Drapery
   3.3.5 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v, and f. 68r. Scrollwork
   3.3.6 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v, and f. 68r. Nimbi
   3.3.7 Gathering Y+Z, f. 62v, and f. 68r. Summary
  3.4 Gathering X, ff. 53r–58v (Appx. A.1–A.12)
   3.4.1 Gathering X, ff. 53r, 54v. Palette
   3.4.2 Gathering X, ff. 53r, 54v. Horizontal Bars
   3.4.3 Gathering X, ff. 53r, 54v. Figures, and Facial Features
   3.4.4 Gathering X, ff. 53r, 54v. Drapery
   3.4.5 Gathering X, ff. 53r, 54v. Scrollwork
   3.4.6 Gathering X, ff. 53r, 54v. Nimbi
   3.4.7 Gathering X, ff. 53r, 54v. Summary
  3.5 Gathering X, ff. 55r–58v (Appx. A.5–A.12)
   3.5.1 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 58v, 55r. Palette, Horizontal Bars
   3.5.2 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 58v, 55r. Figures, and Facial Features
   3.5.3 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 58v, 55r. Drapery
   3.5.4 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 58v, 55r. Scrollwork
   3.5.5 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 58v, 55r. Nimbi
   3.5.6 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 58v, 55r. Summary
   3.5.7 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 56v, 57r. Palette, Horizontal Bars
   3.5.8 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 56v, 57r. Figures, and Facial Features
   3.5.9 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 56v, 57r. Drapery
   3.5.10 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 56v, 57r. Scrollwork
   3.5.11 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 56v, 57r. Nimbi
   3.5.12 Gathering X, Bifolium ff. 56v, 57r. Summary
  3.6 Gathering Y+Z, ff. 59r–66v, All Folia (Appx. A.13–A.28)
   3.6.1 Gathering Y+Z, All Folia. Palette, Horizontal Bars
   3.6.2 Gathering Y+Z, All Folia. Drapery, Nimbi
   3.6.3 Gathering Y+Z, All Folia. Facial Features
   3.6.4 Gathering Y+Z, Bifolium ff. 62v, 59r. Facial Features
   3.6.5 Gathering Y+Z, Bifolium ff. 60v, 61r. Facial Features
   3.6.6 Gathering Y+Z, Bifolium ff. 66v, 63r. Facial Features
   3.6.7 Gathering Y+Z, Bifolium ff. 64v, 65r. Facial Features
   3.6.8 Gathering Y+Z, All Folia, and f. 68r. Facial Features
   3.6.9 Gathering Y+Z, All Folia, and f. 68r. Scrollwork
   3.6.10 Gathering Y+Z, All Folia, and f. 68r. Summary
  3.7 Gatherings X, Y+Z, All Folia, and f. 68r. Decorative Frames
   3.7.1 Gathering X, Decorative Frames
   3.7.2 Gathering Y+Z, Decorative Frames
   3.7.3 Decorative Frames, f. 68r
  3.8 Summary
 4 Comparison with Contemporary Manuscripts
  4.1 Comparison with Vitae: Manuscript Size
  4.2 Depictions
  4.3 Placement
  4.4 Preliminary Drawings
  4.5 Artists and Techniques
  4.6 Summary: Comparison with Vitae
  4.7 Comparison with Psalters
  4.8 The St Albans Psalter
  4.9 The Winchester Psalter
  4.10 Summary: Comparison with Psalters

4 Exegesis and Message Reinforcement in Depictions of Amand in the Miniature Cycle
 1 Part One. Themes on Facing Folia of the Preliminary Drawings
  1.1 The Facing Pages of Preliminary Drawings, ff. 59v, 60r (Appx. A.14, A.15)
   1.1.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 59v, Miniatures f. 53r
   1.1.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 60r, Miniatures f. 54v
  1.2 The Facing Pages of Preliminary Drawings ff. 63v, 64r (Appx. A.22, A.23)
   1.2.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 63v, Miniatures f. 55r
   1.2.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 64r, Miniatures f. 56v
  1.3 The Facing Pages of Preliminary Drawings, ff. 65v, 66r (Appx. A.26, A.27)
   1.3.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 65v, Miniatures f. 57r
   1.3.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 66r, Miniatures f. 58v
  1.4 The Facing Pages of Preliminary Drawings, ff. 61v, 62r (Appx. A.18, A.19)
   1.4.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 61v, Miniatures Missing
   1.4.2 Preliminary Drawings, f. 62r, Miniatures Missing
  1.5 The Facing Pages of Preliminary Drawings, ff. 53v, 54r (Appx. A.2, A.3)
   1.5.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 53v, Miniatures f. 59r
   1.5.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 54r, Miniatures f. 60v
  1.6 The Facing Pages of Preliminary Drawings, ff. 55v, 56r (Appx. A.6, A.7)
   1.6.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 55v, Miniatures f. 63r
   1.6.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 56r, Miniatures f. 64v
  1.7 The Facing Page of Preliminary Drawings, ff. 57v, 58r (Appx. A.10, A.11)
   1.7.1 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 57v, Miniatures, ff. 65r
   1.7.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 58r, Miniatures f. 66v
  1.8 Missing Preliminary Drawings for Miniatures, ff. 61r, 62v (Appx. A.17, A.20)
   1.8.1 Missing Preliminary Drawings, verso, for Miniatures, f. 61r
   1.8.2 Missing Preliminary Drawings, recto, for Miniatures, f. 62v
 2 Part Two. Comparison between Preliminary Drawings and Miniatures
  2.1 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 59v, 60r (Appx. A.14, A.15)cf. Related Miniatures f. 53r, f. 54v (Appx. A.1, A.4)
   2.1.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 59v, cf. Miniatures f. 53r
   2.1.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 60r, cf. Miniatures f. 54v
  2.2 Preliminary Drawings ff. 63v, 64r (Appx. A.22, A.23)cf. Related Miniatures, ff. 55r, 56v (Appx. A.5, A.8)
   2.2.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 63v, cf. Miniatures f. 55r
   2.2.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 64r, cf. Miniatures f. 56v
  2.3 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 65v, 66r (Appx. A.26, A.27)cf. Related Miniatures, ff. 57r, 58v (Appx. A.9, A.12)
   2.3.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 65v, cf. Miniatures f. 57r
   2.3.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 66r, cf. Miniatures f. 58v
  2.4 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 61v, 62r (Appx. A.18, A.19)
   2.4.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 61v, Related Miniatures Missing
   2.4.2 Preliminary Drawings, f. 62r, Related Miniatures Missing
  2.5 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 53v, 54r (Appx. A.2, A.3)cf. Related Miniatures, ff. 59r, 60v (Appx. A.13, A. 16)
   2.5.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 53v, cf. Miniatures f. 59r
   2.5.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 54r, cf. Miniatures f. 60v
  2.6 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 55v, 56r (Appx. A.6, A.7)cf. Related Miniatures, ff. 63r, 64v
   2.6.1 Preliminary Drawings f. 55v, cf. Miniatures f. 63r
   2.6.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 56r, cf. Miniatures f. 64v
  2.7 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 57v, 58r (Appx. A.10, A.11)
   2.7.1 Preliminary Drawings, ff. 57v, cf. Miniatures, ff. 65r
   2.7.2 Preliminary Drawings f. 58r, cf. Miniatures f. 66v
  2.8 Miniatures, ff. 61r, 62v (Appx. A.17, A.20)
   2.8.1 Missing Preliminary Drawings, verso, Related Miniatures, f. 61r
   2.8.2 Missing Preliminary Drawings, Recto, Related Miniatures, f. 62v

5 The Soul and Glorification of Amand
 1 The Soul of Amand
  1.1 The Soul of Amand and the Soul of Lazarus
   1.1.1 The Healed Soul
   1.1.2 The Naked Soul
   1.1.3 The Frontal Soul
   1.1.4 The Cloth as Mandorla, Medallion or Veil
 2 Abraham or Christ?
  2.1 Christocentric Details
  2.2 Censing Angels
 3 Comparison of the Vision Scene in Val., B.M., MS 500 with Val., B.M. MS 502 and Val., B.M., MS 501

6 Conclusion
 1 Miniatures, Preliminary Drawings and Pagination
 2 The Relationship between the Miniatures
 3 The Imaginative Depiction of Amand’s Soul
 4 Glorification of Amand
 5 Summary
Appendices
 A The Miniatures of the Life of Amand in Val., B.M., MS 500
 B Contents of Val., B.M., MS 500
 C Comparison of Miniatures between Val., B.M., MS 502, and Val., B.M. MS 500
 D List of Episodes in the Miniatures of the Life of Amand in Val. Bib. MS 500, in the Correct Sequence
 E Present Arrangement of Folios, in Val., B.M., MS 500, showing Contents of Miniatures, Preliminary Drawings I and II
 F Techniques Employed in Miniature Cycle and f. 68r
 G Facing Pages in the Order of the Narrative
 H Comparison of the Chapter Numbers in Val., B.M., MS 500
 I List of Depictions of Dives and Lazarus, c. 835–1275
Bibliography
Index of Manuscripts
Index
Readership
Those universities, colleges, and individuals interested in the medieval period with an emphasis on art history and Christian iconography, the cult of saints, hagiography, monasticism, and the afterlife.
Index Card
Collection Information