Competition is everywhere in antiquity. It took many forms: the upper class competed with their peers and with historical and mythological predecessors; artists of all kinds emulated generic models and past masterpieces; philosophers and their schools vied with one another to give the best interpretation of the world; architects and doctors tried to outdo their fellow craftsmen. Discord and conflict resulted, but so did innovation, social cohesion, and political stability. In Hesiod's view Eris was not one entity but two, the one a “grievous goddess,” the other an “aid to men.”
Eris vs. Aemulatio examines the functioning and effect of competition in ancient society, in both its productive and destructive aspects.
Cynthia Damon, Ph.D. (1990), Stanford University, is Professor of Classical Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. Among her publications are a critical edition of Caesar’s
Civil War and an English translation of Tacitus’
Christoph Pieper, Ph.D. (2008), Bonn University, is University Lecturer of Latin at Leiden University. Among his publications are a monograph on the 15th century-poet Cristoforo Landino and a volume on the value of antiquity in antiquity (in the Penn Leiden Colloquia-series).
General IntroductionCynthia Damon and Christoph Pieper
Part 1 Eris Reimagined
Hesiodic Eris and the MarketRuth Scodel
Part 2 Ambivalence, Critique, Resistance
Agonistic Excess and Its Ritual Resolution in Hero Cult: the Funeral Games in Iliad 23 as a mise en abymeAnton Bierl 4
Certare alterno carmine: the Rise and Fall of Bucolic CompetitionYelena Baraz 5
Stasis, Competition, and the ‘Noble Lie’: Metic Mettle in Plato’s RepublicGeoffrey W. Bakewell 6
Competition and Innovation in Aristotle, Politics 2Inger N.I. Kuin 7
Aristotle’s Poetics and skenikoi agonesOliver Taplin 8
Paradoxes and Anxieties of Competition in Hippocratic MedicineRalph M. Rosen
Part 3 Multivalence, Displacement, Innovation
Sleights of Hand: Epigraphic Capping and the Visual Enactment of Eris in Early Greek EpigramsDeborah Steiner 10
Roman Architects and the Struggle for Fame in an Unequal SocietyChristopher Siwicki 11
Political Competition and Economic Change in Mid-Republican RomeSeth Bernard 12
Mihi es aemula: Elite Female Status Competition in Mid-Republican Rome and the Example of Tertia AemiliaLewis Webb 13
The Poetics of Strife and Competition in Hesiod and OvidCharles T. Ham 14
Demosthenes versus Cicero: Intercultural Competition in Ancient Literary CriticismCasper C. de Jonge 15
Competition and Competitiveness in Pollux’s OnomasticonAlexei V. Zadorojnyi Index
All interested in the literature, history, philosophy and material culture of ancient Greece and Rome, and anyone concerned with the mechanisms and evaluation of competition and rivalry in ancient societies.