The Dead Sea Scrolls offer a window onto the rich theological landscape of Judaism in the Second Temple period. Through careful textual analysis, the authors of these twelve studies explore such topics as dualism and determinism, esoteric knowledge, eschatology and covenant, the nature of heaven and / or the divine, moral agency, and more; as well as connections between concepts expressed in the Qumran corpus and in later Jewish and Christian literature. The religious worldviews reflected in the Scrolls constitute part of the ideological environment of Second Temple Judaism; the analysis of these texts is essential for the reconstruction of that milieu. Taken together, these studies indicate the breadth and depth of theological reflection in the Second Temple period.
Ruth A. Clements, Th.D. (1997), Harvard University Divinity School, is Head of Publications for the Orion Center and coeditor of New Approaches to the Study of Biblical Interpretation in Judaism of the Second Temple Period and in Early Christianity. Menahem Kister, Ph.D (1994), Hebrew University, is Professor in the Hebrew University Departments of Bible and Talmud. He has published widely on the Dead Sea Scrolls and related texts and is the editor of The Qumran Scrolls and Their World. Michael Segal, Ph.D. (2004), Hebrew University, is Professor in the Hebrew University’s Department of Bible, and Head of the Hebrew University Bible Project. He has authored Dreams, Riddles, and Visions: Textual, Contextual, and Intertextual Approaches to the Book of Daniel.
Preface VII Abbreviations List of Contributors
An Investigation into the Continuity between Biblical Literature and the Scrolls Jonathan Ben-Dov Theologies in Tension in the Dead Sea Scrolls John J. Collins Concealing and Revealing in the Ideology of the Qumran Community Devorah Dimant Between Divine Justice and Doxology: Images of Heaven in the Dead Sea Scrolls Beate Ego The Notion of the Spirit in the Dead Sea Scrolls and in Texts of the Early Jesus Movement Jörg Frey Qumran, Jubilees, and the Jewish Dimensions of 2 Corinthians 6:14–7:1 Menahem Kister The Divine Name in the Dead Sea Scrolls and in New Testament Writings Hermann Lichtenberger God, Gods, and Godhead in the Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice Noam Mizrahi Predeterminism and Moral Agency in the Hodayot Carol A. Newsom Interpreting History in Qumran Texts Michael Segal Eschatology and the Sacred Past in Serekh ha-Milḥamah Loren T. Stuckenbruck Two Creations for One Nation: Apocalyptic Worldviews in Jubilees and Qumran Writings Cana Werman
Index of Modern Authors Index of Ancient Sources
All those interested in the history, literature, and religion of ancient Judaism, the Dead Sea Scrolls, and early Christianity, and, more broadly, the intersection between scriptural interpretation and theological reflection.