This monograph dicsusses phonetic, morphological and semantic features of the ‘Altaic’ Sprachbund (i.e. Turkic, Mongolic and Tungusic) elements in Yeniseian languages (Kott, Assan, Arin, Pumpokol, Yugh and Ket), a rather heterogeneous language family traditionally classified as one of the ‘Paleo-Siberian’ language groups, that are not related to each other or to any other languages on the face of the planet.
The present work is based on a database of approximately 230 Turkic and 70 Tungusic loanwords. A smaller number of loanwords are of Mongolic origin, which came through either the Siberian Turkic languages or the Tungusic Ewenki languages. There are clear linguistic criteria, which help to distinguish loanwords borrowed via Turkic or Tungusic and not directly from Mongolic languages.
One of the main outcomes of this research is the establishment of the Yeniseian peculiar features in the Altaic loanwords. The phonetic criteria comprise the regular disappearance of vowel harmony, syncope, amalgamation, aphaeresis and metathesis. Besides, a separate group of lexemes represents hybrid words, i.e. the lexical elements where one element is Altaic and the other one is Yeniseian.
This book presents a historical-etymological survey of a part of the Yeniseian lexicon, which provides an important part of the comparative database of Proto-Yeniseian reconstructions.
Bayarma Khabtagaeva, Ph.D., Department of Altaic Studies, Szeged University (Hungary), specializes in Altaic Studies. She has published two monographs by Harrassowitz:
Mongolic Elements in Tuvan(2009), and
Ewenki Dialects of Buryatia (2017).
"Here KHABTAGAEVA has delivered a worthwhile and important book on the Yeniseian languages, which herewith are left somewhat less mysterious than before. [...] The volume should be a mainstay on the bookshelf of any linguist involved in such (and the pricing at around 150 Euros seems reasonable). Naturally, it also comes highly recommended to any enthusiast of the study of any of these aforementioned language groups, as well as to those interested in learning more about Yenisian itself, etymological research methods and likely historical language contacts of the larger Siberian area!" ~ Peter Piispanen,
Stockholm University, in
JOTS 3.2 (2019), pp. 616-623
All interested in Siberian languages, language contact, Turkic and Tungusic languages, Yeniseian languages, historical linguistics.