Medicine and the Inquisition offers a wide-ranging and nuanced account of the role played by the Roman, Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions in shaping medical learning and practice in the period from 1500 to 1850.
Until now, learned medicine has remained a secondary subject in scholarship on Inquisitions. This volume delves into physicians’ contributions to the inquisitorial machinery as well as the persecution of medical practitioners and the censorship of books of medicine.
Although they are commonly depicted as all-pervasive systems of repression, the Inquisitions emerge from these essays as complex institutions. Authors investigate how boundaries between the medical and the religious were negotiated and transgressed in different contexts. The book sheds new light on the intellectual and social world of early modern physicians, paying particular attention to how they complied with, and at times undermined, ecclesiastical control and the hierarchies of power in which the medical profession was embedded.
Contributors are Hervé Baudry, Bradford A. Bouley, Alessandra Celati, Maria Pia Donato, Martha Few, Guido M. Giglioni, Andrew Keitt, Hannah Marcus, and Timothy D. Walker.
This volume includes the articles originally published in Volume XXIII, Nos. 1-2 (2018) of Brill's journal Early Science and Medicine with one additional chapter by Timothy D. Walker and an updated introduction.
Maria Pia Donato, Ph.D. (1967), is CNRS Research Professor at Institut d’Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine in Paris. She has published extensively on early modern history and the history of medicine and science in Catholic context, notably Sudden Death. Medicine and Religion in 18th-Century Rome (Routledge, 2014).
Notes on Contributors
Medicine and the Inquisition in the Early Modern World: Introduction
Maria Pia Donato
The Mind of the Censor: Girolamo Rossi, a Physician and Censor for the Congregation of the Index
The Heart of Heresy: Inquisition, Medicine, and False Sanctity
Bradford A. Bouley
Anatomy of a Scandal: Physicians Facing the Inquisition in Late Seventeenth-Century Rome
Maria Pia Donato
Contra medicos: Physicians Facing the Inquisition in Sixteenth-Century Venice
Medicine and the Inquisition in Portugal (Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries): People and Books
Between Galen and St Paul: How Juan Huarte de San Juan Responded to Inquisitorial Censorship
Medical Martyrs: Nineteenth-Century Representations of Early Modern Inquisitorial Persecution of Spanish Physicians
“Speaking with the Fire”: The Inquisition Confronts Mesoamerican Divination to Treat Child Illness in Sixteenth-Century Guatemala
Physicians and Surgeons in the Service of the Portuguese Inquisition: Twelve Years After
Timothy D. Walker
All interested in the history of medicine and the history of science, and anyone concerned with the history of the Inquisitions in the early modern world and the relationship between medicine and religion, both in Europe and in colonial context