The Egyptian Elite as Roman Citizens

Looking at Ptolemaic Private Portraiture


In The Egyptian Elite as Roman Citizens Giorgia Cafici offers the analysis of private, male portrait sculptures as attested in Egypt between the end of the Ptolemaic and the beginning of the Roman Period.

Ptolemaic/Early Roman portraits are examined using a combination of detailed stylistic evaluation, philological analysis of the inscriptions and historical and prosopographical investigation of the individuals portrayed. The emergence of this type of sculpture has been contextualised, both geographically and chronologically, as it belongs to a wider Mediterranean horizon.

The analysis has revealed that eminent members of the Egyptian elite decided to be represented in an innovative way, echoing the portraits of eminent Romans of the Late Republic, whose identity was surely known in Egypt.

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Giorgia Cafici, PhD (2017), Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, is former postdoctoral researcher at that university and currently President of the Centro Italiano di Egittologia “Giuseppe Botti”. She has published many articles on non-royal Ptolemaic sculpture.
List of Figures and Map


1 Ptolemaic Portraiture: Historical Prejudice and Previous Research
 1 Project’s Motives and Objectives
 2 History of Research
 3 Methodology
 4 Terminology and Conventions

2 Contextualising Ptolemaic Private Portraiture
 1 Egypt between Greece and Rome
 2 Ptolemaic Private Sculpture between Local Tradition and Artistic Innovation
 3 Egyptian Portraiture and Its Coeval Mediterranean Context

3 Ptolemaic Private Portraiture: Stylistic, Archaeological and Prosopographical Analysis
 1 Materials
 2 Dimensions and Proportions
 3 Statue Forms
 4 Iconography
 5 Treatment of the Face
 6 Treatment of the Body
 7 Dorsal Support
 8 Inscriptions
 9 Bases
 10 Rework and Usurpation
 11 Individuals
 12 Provenance

4 Analysis, Interpretation and Dating
 1 Ptolemaic Private Portraiture and Roman Republican Portraiture: Defining a Relationship
 2 Sculptures without Realistic Traits
 3 Sculptures Dated to the Early Ptolemaic Period and Statues of Uncertain Date
 4 Conclusion

5 Catalogue
 1 Introduction to the Catalogue
 2 IP
 3 UP

Appendix 1: ‘Alexandrian’ Portraits of the First Century BC
Appendix 2: Egyptian Antecedents of the Roman Republican Verism
Appendix 3: Map of Egypt
All interested in Egyptian sculpture and a varied audience consisting of both Egyptologists and classical scholars.
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