Shaping the Stranger Churches

Migrants in England and the Troubles in the Netherlands, 1547–1585


In Shaping the Stranger Churches: Migrants in England and the Troubles in the Netherlands, 1547–1585, Silke Muylaert explores the struggles confronting the Netherlandish churches in England when they engaged with (or disengaged from) the Reformation and the Revolt back in their homeland. The churches were conflicted over the limits of religious zeal and over political loyalty. How far could Reformers go to promote their faith without committing sin? How much loyalty did they owe to Philip II and William of Orange? While previous narratives ascribe a certain radicalism to the foreign churches, Muylaert uncovers the difficulties confronting expatriate churches to provide support for Reformed churches or organise resistance against authorities back home.

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Silke Muylaert, Ph.D. (2017, University of Kent) is a postdoctoral researcher at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. She was awarded the Huguenot Scholarship in 2015. Her research has focused on the Bruges’ goldsmith guild, migration history, and, more recently, on the influences of exiles and mobility on the religious landscape of the Dutch Republic.

1 The London Stranger Churches in the International Reformation, 1547–1565
 1 From the Community under Edward VI to the Elizabethan Resettlement
 2 The Impact of the Exile’s Books and Psalms on the Low Countries
 3 The Influence of the Stranger Churches on Their Continental Brethren
 4 Conclusion

2 Between Dissent and Cooperation: Relations between the Foreign Churches in England and Connections with the Low Countries
 1 The Strangers in London
 2 All Foreign Churches in England
 3 Stuck between England and the Low Countries
 4 Conclusion

3 The Entanglements of Stranger Churches with Growing Resistance in the Low Countries, 1560–1565
 1 Dealing with Persecution in the Low Countries
 2 The Effect of Armed Resistance on the Stranger Churches
 3 Different Perceptions on Resistance
 4 Conclusion

4 The Impact of the Wonderjaar (1566) on the Stranger Churches
 1 Reform and Resistance in International Perspective: a Struggle for Legitimacy
 2 Division and Conflict among Reformers Concerning the Iconoclasm in 1566
 3 The Involvement of the Foreign Churches in Resistance in the Aftermath of the Fury
 4 Conclusion

5 The Foreign Churches and the Dutch Revolt, 1567–1585
 1 Classic Accounts of How Religion Shaped the Dutch Revolt
 2 The Complex Relationship between the Reformed Churches and William of Orange
 3 Men and Money: the Contribution of the Foreign Churches to the Revolt
 4 The Influence of Queen Elizabeth’s Attitude towards Intervention in the Low Countries
 5 Conclusion

6 The Foreign Churches and the Reformation, 1567–1585
 1 Mutual Support among Foreign Reformed Churches in England
 2 Support for the Reformed Churches in the Low Countries
 3 The Foreign Churches in the Context of the English Church
 4 Conclusion

Conclusions and Afterthoughts


This book is aimed at researchers and postgraduate students interested in religious migration, Reformation, institutional history, and the Dutch Revolt. Keywords: radical, radicalisation, radicalization, violence, Utenhove, a Lasco, Laski, stranger churches, Elizabeth I, Norwich, Sandwich, Walloon, Flemish, Orange.
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