In the attempt to overcome the crisis of knowledge in wisdom thought, even the non-Essene texts from Qumran developed the wisdom notion of a pre-existent order of being and history which was to be realised in the Eschaton. This notion was taken up in non-wisdom texts and elaborated into a dualistic ordering of the world and of history, structured in epochs. In this form the notion was used by the Essene community to deal theologically with their negative experience of reality (schism, persecution by Hasmonoaeans, delay of the Eschaton). The results of this investigation are thus able to confirm critical points of the thesis of G. von Rad that apocalyptic developed out of wisdom.
Armin Lange, Dr.theol. (1995) is Assistant at the Institute for the Study of Ancient Judaism and the History of Hellenistic Religion in Tübingen. In addition to a number of articles on the Qumran texts, he has published
Weisheit und Torheit bei Kohelet und in seiner Umwelt, and
Computer-Aided Text- Reconstruction and Transcription.
...the book is one of the best technical Qumran monographs of the 1990's, and is an excellent resource for Qumran specialists and for research libraries specializing in early Judaism and the New Testament.'
Daniel J. Harrington,
Religious Studies Review, 1995.
The presentation and basic discussions of the texts alone make it a very valuable volume.'
Robert A. Kugler,
Review of Biblical Literature, 1998.
Judaists, Old Testament scholars, New Testament scholars, scholars in ancient Near Eastern studies, Egyptologists.