The Fourth Gospel and the Manufacture of Minds in Ancient Historiography, Biography, Romance, and Drama


The Fourth Gospel and the Manufacture of Minds in Ancient Historiography, Biography, Romance, and Drama is the first book-length study of genre and character cognition in the Gospel of John. Informed by traditions of ancient literary criticism and the emerging discipline of cognitive narratology, Tyler Smith argues that narrative genres have generalizable patterns for representing cognitive material and that this has profound implications for how readers make sense of cognitive content woven into the narratives they encounter. After investigating conventions for representing cognition in ancient historiography, biography, romance, and drama, Smith offers an original account of how these conventions illuminate the Johannine narrative’s enigmatic cognitive dimension, a rich tapestry of love and hate, belief and disbelief, recognition and misrecognition, understanding and misunderstanding, knowledge, ignorance, desire, and motivation.

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Tyler Smith, Ph.D. (2016), Yale University, teaches in the Department of Classics and Religious Studies at the University of Ottawa.
"In sum, The fourth Gospel and the manufacture of minds is a rewarding reference volume for the scholar who wishes to dig deeper into the creation of the Johannine story or who wants to learn more about character building in first-century Hellenistic texts. I highly recommend this volume for any serious student of John’s Gospel." - Douglas Estes, South University, in: Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 2021.01.08

1 Genre, Characterization, and Cognition
 1 Genre Recognition and Character Cognition
 2 Real and Fictional Minds
 3 John, Genre, and Cognitive Narratology in Modern Literary Criticism
 4 Characterization and Cognition in Ancient Literary Criticism

2 Historiography: Investigative Speculation and Cognitive Causation
 1 John and Historiography
 2 Representing Minds in Greek and Roman Historiography
 3 Polybius’s Histories
 4 Josephus’s Jewish Antiquities
 5 Conclusion

3 Βίος: Ethics and Mimesis
 1 John and Βίος
 2 Conventions for Representing Minds in Βίοι
 3 Plutarch, the Parallel Lives, and the Conventions of a Genre
 4 Plutarch’s Life of Solon
 5 Philo’s Life of Moses
 6 Conclusion

4 Romance: Thwarted Recognitions and the Πάθη Ποικίλα
 1 John and Romance
 2 Conventions for Representing Minds in the Novels
 3 Chariton’s Callirhoe
 4 Aseneth
 5 Conclusion

5 Drama: Discrepant Awareness and Dramatic Irony
 1 John and Drama
 2 Conventions for Representing Minds in Drama
 3 Euripides’s Hippolytus
 4 Ezekiel the Tragedian’s Exagoge
 5 Conclusion

6 Genre, Innovation, and Johannine Characterization
 1 Historiography
 2 Βίος
 3 Romance
 4 Drama
 5 Conclusion
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