Attributing Excellence in Medicine

The History of the Nobel Prize

Series:

Attributing Excellence in Medicine discusses the aura around the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It analyzes the social processes and contingent factors leading to recognition and reputation in science and medicine. This volume will help the reader to better understand the dynamics of the attribution of excellence throughout the 20th century.

Contributors are Massimiano Bucchi, Fabio De Sio, Jacalyn Duffin, Heiner Fangerau, Thorsten Halling, Nils Hansson, David S. Jones, Gustav Källstrand, Ulrich Koppitz, Pauline Mattsson, Katarina Nordqvist, Scott H. Podolsky, Thomas Schlich, and Sven Widmalm.
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Biographical Note

Nils Hansson (PhD) is associate professor at the Department of History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. His main research interests include the enactment of excellence in science and the history of medicine in the Baltic Sea region.

Thorsten Halling (MA) is researcher at the Department of History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. He is interested in medicine during the Nazi era and networks in medicine.

Heiner Fangerau (Prof. Dr. med.) is Head of the Department of History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. He does research in History of Science and Medicine and Medical Ethics.

Table of contents

Foreword
Jeffrey Flier
List of Illustrations
Notes on Contributors

Introduction
Nils Hansson, Thorsten Halling and Heiner Fangerau

Part 1: The Award and Beyond


1 Commemorating Excellence: The Nobel Prize and the Secular Religion of Science
Jacalyn Duffin
2 More Than a Prize: The Creation of the Nobel System
Gustav Källstrand
3 Hitler’s Boycott: Cultural Politics and the Rhetoric of Neutrality
Sven Widmalm

Part 2: Laureates and Nominees


4 From Global Recognition to Global Health: Antimicrobials and the Nobel Prize, 1901–2015
Scott H. Podolsky
5 Discovery or Reputation? Jacques Loeb and the Role of Nomination Networks
Heiner Fangerau, Thorsten Halling and Nils Hansson
6 Defining ‘Cutting-edge’ Excellence: Awarding Nobel Prizes (or not) to Surgeons
Nils Hansson, David S. Jones and Thomas Schlich

Part 3: Reverberation and Commercialization


7 John C. Eccles’ Conversion and the Meaning of ‘Authority’
Fabio De Sio, Nils Hansson and Ulrich Koppitz
8 The Laureate in the Spotlight: Renato Dulbecco and the Public Image of Science
Massimiano Bucchi
9 Nobel Prize Awarded Discoveries and Commercialization: The Role of the Laureates
Katarina Nordqvist and Pauline Mattsson

Index

Readership

The book is directed to a wide readership, including students, historians, physicians, and laypersons with an interest in medical history.

Index Card