Jus Post Bellum: The Rediscovery, Foundations, and Future of the Law of Transforming War into Peace


Author: Jens Iverson
In Jus Post Bellum, Jens Iverson provides the Just War foundations of the concept, reveals the function of jus post bellum, and integrates the law that governs the transition from armed conflict to peace. This volume traces the history of jus post bellum avant la letter, tracing important writings on the transition to peace from Augustine, Aquinas, and Kant to more modern jurists and scholars. It explores definitional aspects of jus post bellum, including current its relationship to sister terms and related fields. It also critically evaluates the current state and possibilities for future development of the law and normative principles that apply to the transition to peace. Peacebuilders, scholars, and diplomats will find this book a crucial resource.

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Jens Iverson, Ph.D. (2017), is Assistant Professor of Law at Leiden. He has edited volumes and published many articles on jus post bellum, including Just Peace after conflict: Jus Post Bellum and the Justice of Peace (OUP 2020); War Aims Matter, Jus Post Bellum: Environmental Protection and Transitions from Conflict to Peace (OUP 2017); Jus Post Bellum and Foreign Investment; Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the Normative Foundations (OUP 2014); Transitional Justice, and Jus Post Bellum and International Criminal Law.
 AIntroducing the Theme of Jus Post Bellum
 DResearch aims
 EResearch questions
 GConceptual framework
 HAddressees of Jus Post Bellum
 IExplanation of Structure
Part 1

1 Past – The Deep Roots of Jus Post Bellum
 BHistorical Development
 1Augustine of Hippo (354-430)
 2Institutes of Justinian (533)
 3Raymond of Penafort (1175-1275) (Decretals of Gregory IX)
 4Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
 5Baldus de Ubaldis (1327-1400)
 6Francisco de Vitoria (1492 – 1546)
 7Francisco Suarez (1548-1617)
 8Alberico Gentili (1552- 1608)
 9Petrus Gudelinus (1550-1619)
 10Hugo Grotius (1583-1645)
 11Christian Wolff (1679-1754)
 12Emer de Vattel (1714-1767)
 13Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
2 Exploration of Sister Terms
 AJus In Bello
 BJus Ad Bellum
 CImport for Jus Post Bellum and the Trichotomy
3 Three Approaches to Jus Post Bellum
 BTemporal Approach
 CFunctional Approach
 DHybrid Approach
 ELex Specialis and Lex Generalis
 GHybrid Approach to Jus Post Bellum
4 Present – An Exploration of Contemporary Usage
 AThe Existing Matrix of Definitions: A Review of Contemporary Scholarship
 2Identifying the Definitional Dichotomy — Functional vs. Temporal
 3Problems of the Dichotomy
 5Empirical Analysis
 BContrasting Jus Post Bellum and Transitional Justice
 2The Grotian Tradition
 3Basic Definitions
 4Contrasting the Content of Transitional Justice and Jus Post Bellum
 5Temporal Contrast – the Dynamics
 6Specific to Global Contrast
 7Legal Contrast
 8Historical Foundations
 9Going Forward – Continuing the Grotian Tradition
5 Empirical Analysis of the Literature
 1Summary Findings
 3Functional Definitions
 4Temporal Definitions
 DConclusion 195
Part 2

6Jus Post Bellum in the context of International and Non-International Armed Conflict
 BJus In Bello in IAC and NIAC
 CJus Ad Bellum in IAC and NIAC
 DJus Post Bellum in IAC and NIAC
 2Prohibitions and Facilitations
 3More Procedural Aspects
 4Mixed Procedural and Substantive Aspects
 5More Substantive Aspects
7 Contemporary Legal Content of Jus Post Bellum
 1Chapter Focus
 2Responses to Critical Approaches to Jus Post Bellum
 BProcedural Fairness and Peace Agreements
 1Article 52 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
 2Other Considerations of procedural fairness
 CThe Responsibility to Protect
 DTerritorial Dispute Resolution
 1Prohibition of Annexation
 EConsequences of an Act of Aggression
 FInternational Territorial Administration and Trusteeship
 GThe Law Applicable in a Territory in Transition
 1The Law of State Succession
 2Human Rights Law and the Rights and Interests of Minorities
 3The Laws of Occupation
 HThe Scope of Individual Criminal Responsibility
 IOdious Debt
 JAlternative structuring of Jus Post Bellum
8 Future? Rethinking Transformative Occupation and Democratization
 BThe Interests of Groups in the Transition to Peace
 CJus Post Bellum and Democratization
 DThe Problem of Undemocratic Transitions to Peace
 1The Natural Tendencies of Unguided Transitions to Peace to Favor the Powerful
 2The Limitations of Public International Law and Traditional International Humanitarian Law
 3The Limitations of Human Rights Law, Transitional Justice, and International Criminal Law
 ETransformative Occupation and Democratic peace
 1The Problem of Transformative Occupation
 2Kant’s Concept of a Warlike Constitution
 3Democratic Peace
 4The Role of Protecting the Rights and Interests of Women in a Democracy
 FArgument for Democratization in the Transition to Peace
 GTransformative Occupation that Considers Group Interests and Participation Aiding the Transition to Peace
9 Conclusions
 AKey Strengths
 1Broad and Increasing Interest
 BKey Weaknesses
 1Lack of Consensus
 2Difficulties of Integrating a Range of Sources
 CKey Opportunities
 1The Opportunity to Clarify a Range of Areas of Law and Practice
 2The Opportunity to Contribute to the Establishment of Just and Enduring Peace
 DKey Threats
 1The Threat of Politicization
 2The Threat of Discouraging Peace
 EFinal Conclusion
 a.Table of Cases
 b.Table of Treaties
 c.UN Documents
 d.Miscellaneous Sources
 e.Online Sources
Scholars and practitioners of peacebuilding, transitional justice, humanitarian law, human rights and all those interested in improving transitions from armed conflict to peace will find this book an invaluable guide.