The present consilium, commonly known as
De causis accidentium, after the Latin translation by John de Capua, was, like the earlier consilium
On the Regimen of Health, composed by Maimonides at the request of al-Malik al-Afḍal Nūr al-Dīn Alī, Saladin’s eldest son. As a result of not adopting the lifestyle and dietary recommendations in
On the Regimen of Health, al-Afḍal may have continued to suffer from a number of afflictions, amongst them hemorrhoids, depression, constipation, and, possibly, a heart condition. The consilium was written after 1200, the year in which al-Afḍal was deposed and banished from Egypt permanently, but probably not long before 1204, the year in which Maimonides died.
Gerrit Bos (Ph.D. 1989) is Professor Emeritus of Jewish Studies at the University of Cologne, Germany. He has widely published in the fields of Jewish studies, Islamic studies, and medieval science and medicine in Arabic and Hebrew texts.
Scholars of Hebrew, (Judeo-) Arabic, and Latin medical literature of the Middle Ages; anyone interested in medieval medicine and the transmission of scientific knowledge in premodern times.