The Ebb and Flow of Chinese Petroleum

A Story Told by a Witness

Series:

Editors: Mao Yiran and Thomas M. Seay
For the first time, a work that breaks with the official Chinese government narrative concerning the petroleum industry and provides the true story as personally experienced by the author, Mao Huahe, a thirty-year veteran and executive in the oil industry. Mao witnessed first-hand the breakthrough discovery of the Daqing Oilfield, the behind-the-scenes political machinations and turmoil of the Cultural Revolution and the subsequent reform and opening period, and details the effects these events had upon China’s petroleum industry.

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Table of contents

Foreword
A Lingering Sentiment for Chinese Petroleum
Maps
Notes on Author, Translator, and Others

Part 1: The Yanchang Era (1877–1949): Advanced in Antiquity, Backward in Modern Times


1 Chinese Advances with Petroleum in Antiquity

2 The Six Old Oilfields in Modern China: Small Scale and Weak Foundation

3 China’s First On-Land Oilfield: Yanchang Oilfield

4 Yumen Oilfield, 1939: China’s First Modern Petroleum Base

Part 2: The Yumen Era (1950–1959): Laying the Foundation, Setting Petroleum Development Policy


5 China’s Petroleum Industry Takes Off

6 Yumen Oilfield: Cradle of the Chinese Petroleum Industry

7 Pioneering a Great Cause at Qinghai Oilfield

8 Karamay: New China’s First Big Oilfield

9 High Hopes for Sichuan Oil and Gas

10 The Anti-Rightist Movement and Great Leap Forward Harm the Petroleum Industry

Part 3: The Daqing Era (1960–1969): China No Longer “Poor in Oil”


11 The Search for Daqing Oilfield

12 Constructing Daqing Oilfield

13 “In Industry, Learn from Daqing” Reconsidered (Part One)

14 “In Industry, Learn From Daqing” Reconsidered (Part Two)

15 A Scribe—My Petroleum Career

16 Advancing on the Crest of Victory: Switching the Battleground to Bohai Bay Basin

Part 4: The Jianghan Era (1970–1979): Against the Current, China Becomes a Big Oil-Producing Country


17 The Jianghan Oil Campaign: Zhou Enlai’s Moves to Protect the Oil Industry

18 An Oil Industry Ready to Launch Out in All Directions

19 The Sudden Rise and Fall of Huabei Oilfield

20 Diary of the Deputy Executive of Huabei Oilfield

21 Ten Years of Endeavor, Leading Industry with High Speed

Part 5: Shengli Era (1980–1989): When the Gods Fight, Mortals Suffer: Rolling a Boulder Uphill


22 Hua Guofeng Endorses Kang Shi’en’s Proposal of a Dozen Daqings

23 Hua Guofeng Resigns, and the Oil Industry Faces a Storm

24 The Oil Industry Reels from Accidents, Scandals, and Vendettas

25 Rolling a Boulder Uphill

26 The Debate on Shengli Oilfield’s “Second Daqing Plan”

27 Seven Situations and Severe Challenges

Part 6: The Tarim Era (1990–2000): Bad Decisions Lead to Zero Increase of On-Land Oil Production


28 Origin of the Tarim Oil Campaign

29 Wang Tao Decides: Go All Out in Tarim without Foreign Investment

30 The State Council Ratifies the Tarim Oil Campaign

31 Seven Achievements of the Tarim Oil Campaign

32 Falling between Two Stools

33 Too Much Investment, Too Much Waste, Too Few Results

34 Overstating Achievements and Experiences

35 Other Issues Relating to the Tarim Campaign

Part 7: The Offshore Era (1953–2000): Leading the Reform, Another Daqing Realized


36 A Dry Duck Trying to Swim: the Difficulties of Offshore Petroleum Exploration

37 Leading the Reform and Opening-Up

38 International Cooperation Increases, an Offshore Daqing Emerges

39 Integrating Internationally, Creating a New Company

40 Engaging in International Cooperation, Exploring Foreign Oil and Gas Supplies

41 The Oil Industry in Taiwan
Epilogue

Readership

All interested in modern Chinese history, Asian Studies, political science and petroleum industry.

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