Rethinking Europe

War and Peace in the Early Modern German Lands


The Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) lies at the intersection of early modern and modern times. Frequently portrayed as the concluding chapter of the Reformation, it also points to the future by precipitating fundamental changes in the military, legal, political, religious, economic, and cultural arenas that came to mark a new, the modern era.
Prompted by the 400th anniversary of the outbreak of the war, the contributors reconsider the event itself and contextualize it within the broader history of the Reformation, military conflicts, peace initiatives, and negotiations of war.

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Gerhild Scholz Williams, Ph.D. (1974), Washington University in St. Louis, is Barbara Thomas and David M. Thomas Professor in the Humanities as well as Vice Provost. She has published books and essays in medieval and early modern French and German literature, including Mediating Culture in the 17th Century German Novel (2014).

Sigrun Haude, Ph.D. (1993), University of Cincinnati, is Associate Professor of History at that university. She has published on Anabaptism, Gender, and the Thirty Years’ War. Her monograph on The Thirty Years’ War: Experience and Management of a Disaster is forthcoming.

Christian Schneider, Ph.D. (2007), Dr. habil. (2018), is Associate Professor of German at Washington University in St. Louis. He has published books and articles on medieval German literature and culture, including Hovezuht (2008).
List of Illustrations and Tables

Introduction: Rethinking Europe: War and Peace in the Early Modern German Lands
Sigrun Haude

Part 1: Within the War

1 Bravado, Martial Magic, and Masculine Performance in Early Modern Germany
B. Ann Tlusty

2 Discussion of the Just War in the Lutheran Funeral Sermons of the Seventeenth Century
Cornelia Niekus Moore

3 A Paper Victory Column (1664/1675): Female Authorship, Devotional Memory, and Religious Community
Lynne Tatlock

4 Event and Emplotment: “Narrativizing” the Battle of Lützen
Nicolas Detering

5 Seeking Peace, Finding War: Supplication and Negotiation in Electoral Brandenburg during the Thirty Years’ War
Evan B. Johnson

6 Negotiating the Thirty Years’ War: Anna Sophia of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1598–1659) and Her Survival Strategies
Jill Bepler

7 Artful Negotiator: Peter Paul Rubens’ Intervention in the Cause of Catholic Bavaria
Susan Maxwell

Part 2: War and Periphery

8 “Make Peace, Not War”: an Anti-Propaganda Triumph in Johannes Sambucus’ Arcus aliquot triumphales et monumenta
Tamar Cholcman

9 Stopping an Ottoman Spy in Late Sixteenth-Century Istanbul: David Ungnad, Markus Penckner, and Austrian-Habsburg Intelligence in the Ottoman Capital
Tobias P. Graf

10 “The Imminent Danger of the Turks”: Ottoman Expansion, Hungarian Revolt, and Habsburg Fear of War (1670–1672)
Georg B. Michels

11 Conflict and Coexistence: the Case of Early Modern Upper Lusatia
Martin Christ

12 Dynastic Dislocation in the Thirty Years’ War: Lutheran Königsberg as Refuge for the Calvinist Houses of Hohenzollern and Wittelsbach
Sara Smart

13 Spoils of Knowledge: Looted Books in Uppsala University Library during the Seventeenth Century
Emma Hagström Molin

Part 3: Westphalian Peace and Post-War

14 Musicalische Friedens-Freud: the Westphalian Peace and Music in Protestant Nuremberg
Alexander J. Fisher

15 Picturing Peace: Johann Vogel’s Emblematical Meditations on Peace, Nürnberg 1649
Mara R. Wade

16 State (De-)Formation in Practice: Bohemian Fiscal-Financial Arrangements during the War of the Spanish Succession
Stephan Sander-Faes

17 Space, Peace, and Conflict in Post-Thirty Years’ War Villages
Marc R. Forster

All interested in the history and culture of early modern Europe, and anyone concerned with the Thirty Years’ War, its contexts and aftermaths.
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