Language Diversity in the Late Habsburg Empire


The Habsburg Empire often features in scholarship as a historical example of how language diversity and linguistic competence were essential to the functioning of the imperial state. Focusing critically on the urban-rural divide, on the importance of status for multilingual competence, on local governments, schools, the army and the urban public sphere, and on linguistic policies and practices in transition, this collective volume provides further evidence for both the merits of how language diversity was managed in Austria-Hungary and the problems and contradictions that surrounded those practices.

The book includes contributions by Pieter M. Judson, Marta Verginella, Rok Stergar, Anamarija Lukić, Carl Bethke, Irina Marin, Ágoston Berecz, Csilla Fedinec, István Csernicskó, Matthäus Wehowski, Jan Fellerer, and Jeroen van Drunen.

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Markian Prokopovych, Ph.D. (2005), Habil. (2011), Durham University, is the author of Habsburg Lemberg: Architecture, Public Space and Politics in the Galician Capital, 1772–1914 (2009) and In the Public Eye: The Budapest Opera House, the Audience and the Press, 1884–1918 (2014). Carl Bethke, Ph.D. (2006), University of Leipzig, is the author of (K)Eine gemeinsame Sprache? Aspekte deutsch-jüdischer Beziehungsgeschichte in Kroatien. Vom Zusammenleben zum Holocaust, 1900–1945 (2013) and Deutsche und ungarische Minderheiten in Kroatien und der Vojvodina 1918-1941: Identitätsentwürfe und ethnopolitische Mobilisierung (2009). Tamara Scheer, Ph.D. (2007), University of Vienna, is the author of many articles and monographs on the late Habsburg Monarchy focusing on language diversity, identities and loyalties and the Habsburg monarchy's engagement in South Eastern Europe.
Notes on Contributors

1 Language Diversity in the Late Habsburg Empire: Foreword from the Editors
Markian Prokopovych, Carl Bethke, and Tamara Scheer

2 Encounters with Language Diversity in Late Habsburg Austria
Pieter M. Judson

3 The Fight for the National Linguistic Primacy: Testimonies from the Austrian Littoral
Marta Verginella

4 The Evolution of Linguistic Policies and Practices of the Austro-Hungarian Armed Forces in the Era of Ethnic Nationalisms: the Case of Ljubljana-Laibach
Rok Stergar

5 Language Transition in the Town of Osijek at the End of Austro-Hungarian Rule (1902–1913)
Anamarija Lukić

6 The Bosnische Post: a Newspaper in Sarajevo, 1884–1903
Carl Bethke

7 K.u.K. Generals of Romanian Nationality and Their Views on the Language Question
Irina Marin

8 German and Romanian in Town Governments of Dualist Transylvania and the Banat
Ágoston Berecz

9 The People of the “Five Hundred Villages”: Hungarians, Rusyns, Jews, and Roma in the Transcarpathian Region in Austria–Hungary
Csilla Fedinec and István Csernicskó

10 Education in Habsburg Borderlands: the K.u.K. Staats-Oberrealschule in the Austrian Silesian Town of Teschen (1900–1921)
Matthäus Wehowski

11 Reconstructing Multilingualism in Everyday Life: the Case of Late Habsburg Lviv
Jan Fellerer

12 How Jesus Became a Woman, Climbed the Mountain, and Started to Roar: Habsburg Bukovina’s Celebrated Multilingualism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Jeroen van Drunen

All interested in the Habsburg Empire, its successor states, the region of East Central Europe, multilingualism, historical development of language policies and practices of inclusion and exclusion, and historical linguistics. Keywords are: multilingualism, urban history, Austria-Hungary, borderlands, everyday practices, army, bureaucracy and administration, Transylvania, Banat, Transcarpathia, Littoral, Silesia, Galicia, Bukovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Osijek (Eszék - Esseg), Trieste (Triest - Trst), Sarajevo, Teschen (Těšín - Cieszyn), Lviv (Lemberg - Lwów), Czernowitz (Chernivtsi - Cernăuți).
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