The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy


In The Shepherd of Hermas and the Pauline Legacy, Jonathan E. Soyars traces the influence of Pauline literary traditions upon one of the most widely attested and influential apocalyptic texts from early Christianity. Scholarship largely considers Hermas to have known very little about Pauline letters, but by looking beyond verbatim quotations Soyars discovers extensive evidence of his adoption, adaptation, and synthesis of identifiable Pauline material in the Visions, Mandates, and Similitudes sections. Hermas emerges as a Pauline interpreter who creatively engages topics and themes developed within and across the Pauline letters through time. These results reconnect the Shepherd with early Paulinism and extend reconstructions of the sphere of Pauline influence in the second century C.E.

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Jonathan E. Soyars, Ph.D. (2017), University of Chicago, is Tutor in New Testament Language, Literature and Theology at Westminster College, Cambridge.
List of Abbreviations

1 The Possibility of Encounter with the Pauline Legacy
 1 Introduction
 2 Dating the Composition of the Shepherd
 3 Dating the Collection(s) of Pauline Letters
 4 Imagining Hermas Encountering Pauline Letters
 5 Conclusion

2 The Probability of Encounter with the Pauline Legacy
 1 Introduction
 2 Ancient and Early Modern Connections between the Shepherd and Pauline Letters
 3 Pauline Connections Discounted in the Modern Period
 4 Reading Strategy
 5 Conclusion

3 The Mandates and the Pauline Legacy
 1 Introduction
 2 Living to God (ζῆν τῷ θεῷ, Mand. 1.2 et passim)
 3 Marital Sexual Ethics (Mand. 4.1 [29], 4.4 [32])
 4 Grieving the Deposited Holy Spirit (Mand. 3 [28], 5 [33], 10.1–3 [40.1–3])
 5 The (Im)Possibility of Second Repentance (Mand. 4.3.1–2 [31.1–2])
 6 Proper Prophecy in the Community (Mand. 11 [43])
 7 Clothing Metaphors (Mand. 1.2 [26.2] et passim)
 8 Arming Oneself for Resistance (Mand. 12.2.4–5 [45.4–5])
 9 Conclusion

4 The Similitudes and the Pauline Legacy
 1 Introduction
 2 Residents in a Foreign City (Sim. 1 [50])
 3 The Salvific Activity of the Son of God (Sim. 5.2–7 [55–60])
 4 The Tower, the Constructed Church (Sim. 9 [78–110])
 5 Conclusion

5 The Visions and the Pauline Legacy
 1 Introduction
 2 Baptism and Saving, Protecting Faith in the Lord (Vis. 3.3.5 [11.5] et passim)
 3 Turning Away from the Living God (Vis. 2.3.2 [7.2], 3.7.2 [15.2])
 4 Hermas’s Unfaithful Family (Vis. 1.3 [3], 2.2–3 [6–7])
 5 A Community Divided (Vis. 3.9 [17])
 6 Conclusion

Conclusion: Hermas, a Pauline Interpreter

Appendix: The Conceptual Coherence of the Shepherd with Pauline Letters
 1 Overview
 2 God in the Shepherd and Pauline Letters
 3 The Christian Person in the Shepherd and Pauline Letters
 4 Christian Community in the Shepherd and Pauline Letters
 5 Summary
All interested in second-century Christianity, and those curious about the Shepherd of Hermas and the reception of Pauline literary traditions in apocalyptic texts.