The end of the Second World war did not mean the end of violence for many regions in Eastern Europe. The establishment of Communist-led governments often met not only civil but also armed resistance. These actions were taken by partisan groups and paramilitary forces which in some cases had been formed already during the war to support axis forces. In other cases – like Poland’s Armia Krajowa – they fought Nazi and Soviet occupiers with the same fervour. The aims of the ﬁghters were the end of Communist rule and – like in the Baltic region – independence from the Soviet Union. Diﬃculties in accessing sources and research taboos as well as a focus on other aspects of the Cold War are reasons why violent resistance in Europe after the Second World War is a topic yet rather underestimated and comparably little investigated by historiography. This book gives a comprehensive ﬁrst overview of the ultimately futile attempts to end the rule of Moscow and her proxies.
Violent Resistance against Soviet and/or Communist rule in Europe after the Second World War is a topic yet rather underestimated and comparably little investigated by historiography. A lack of primary sources and the focus on the Cold War can be reasons for this fact. This book tries to give a comprehensive first overview of the ultimately futile attempts to end the detested rule of Moscow and her proxies.
Michael Gehler ist Professor für Neuere Deutsche und Europäische Geschichte an der Stiftung Universität Hildesheim. David Schriffl ist derzeit an der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften tätig.