In this meticulously researched volume, Vincent Chang resurrects a near forgotten yet pivotal chapter of Dutch-Chinese ties to narrate how World War II, China’s civil war, and Indonesia’s decolonization reshaped and ultimately redefined this age-old bilateral relationship.
Drawing on a wealth of hitherto-unexplored archives, this book explains how China’s rise on the global stage and the Netherlands’ simultaneous decline as a Pacific power informed events in Dutch-controlled Indonesia (and vice versa) and prompted a complete recalibration of Dutch-Chinese ties, culminating in the Netherlands’ recognition of the People’s Republic and laying the foundations for its current “One-China” policy.
Presenting insightful analyses of power dynamics and law, this book is a critical resource to historians and China specialists as well as scholars of international relations and international law.
Vincent K.L. Chang, PhD (2016), a Dutch lawyer and historian, is Associate Professor of History at Southwest University (China) specializing in modern Chinese history and diplomacy. He also teaches at Leiden University and serves as a fellow of the LeidenAsiaCentre
Contents Acknowledgments List of Tables List of Plates Note
Introduction 1 Dutch Diplomatic History 2 Chinese Diplomatic History 3 Merging Histories 4 Traits of Modern Dutch-Chinese Relations 5 Aims, Arguments, and Organization of the Book
Part 1: Readjustment
1 Diplomatic Relations During the Prewar Years: 1927–1936 1 International Context 2 Development of Bilateral Ties 3 Dutch Official Representation in China 4 Chinese Official Representation in the Netherlands 5 Conclusion 2 Remission of the Dutch Share in China’s Boxer Indemnity 1 A Watershed Moment 2 The Central Hydraulic Research Institute at Nanjing 3 Life, Loss, and Lasting Friendship 4 Effects and Significance Plates 1–24
Part 2: Realignment
3 Diplomatic Relations during the War Years: 1937–1945 1 International Context 2 Development of Bilateral Ties 3 Dutch Official Representation in China 4 Chinese Official Representation in the Netherlands 5 Conclusion 4 Abrogation of Dutch Extraterritorial Rights in China 1 The System of Extraterritoriality in China 2 Extraterritoriality and Dutch-Chinese Treaty Relations 3 The Dutch-Chinese Treaty of 4 Effects and Significance Plates 25–45
Part 3: Reset
5 Diplomatic Relations during the Postwar Years: 1946–1950 1 International Context 2 Development of Bilateral Ties 3 Dutch Official Representation in China 4 Chinese Official Representation in the Netherlands 5 Conclusion 6 Recognition of the People’s Republic of China 1 Early Encounters 2 The Path to Recognition 3 Rationales, Response, Result 4 Effects and Significance Conclusion 1 Change and Continuity 2 Policies and People 3 Power Dynamics 4 Past and Present 5 The Future Past
Appendix 1: Chronology of Major Events
Appendix 2: Overview of Senior Envoys, 1927–1950
Appendix 3: Exchange of Notes Dated 4 April 1933
Appendix 4: Joint Announcement Dated 15 February 1943
Appendix 5: Dutch-Chinese Treaty of 29 May 1945
Appendix 6: Notes on Recognition, March/April 1950
All interested in modern Chinese history and diplomacy (Republican era); historical Dutch-Chinese relations; transnational World War II history; Indonesia’s decolonization and ethnic Chinese in Indonesia; and/or international law and diplomacy.