Slavery in the Black Sea Region, c.900–1900

Forms of Unfreedom at the Intersection between Christianity and Islam

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Slavery in the Black Sea Region, c.900–1900 explores the Black Sea region as an encounter zone of cultures, legal regimes, religions, and enslavement practices. The topics discussed in the chapters include Byzantine slavery, late medieval slave trade patterns, slavery in Christian societies, Tatar and cossack raids, the position of Circassians in the slave trade, and comparisons with the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. This volume aims to stimulate a broader discussion on the patterns of unfreedom in the Black Sea area and to draw attention to the importance of this region in the broader debates on global slavery.

Contributors are: Viorel Achim, Michel Balard, Hannah Barker, Andrzej Gliwa, Colin Heywood, Sergei Pavlovich Karpov, Mikhail Kizilov, Dariusz Kołodziejczyk, Maryna Kravets, Natalia Królikowska-Jedlińska, Sandra Origone, Victor Ostapchuk, Daphne Penna, Felicia Roșu, and Ehud R. Toledano.

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Felicia Roșu, Ph.D. (2009), Georgetown University, is a Lecturer in History at Leiden University. Her publications include Elective Monarchy in Transylvania and Poland-Lithuania, 1569-1587 (Oxford University Press, 2017) and Critical Readings on Global Slavery (Brill, 2017), co-edited with Damian Alan Pargas.
List of Figures
Notes on Contributors
Acknowledgements
Preface
Ehud R. Toledano
Introduction
Felicia Roșu

Part I: The Italian Phase
1. Black Sea Slavery in Genoese Notarial Sources, 13th–15th Centuries
 Michel Balard

2. Slavery in the Black Sea Region in Venetian Notarial Sources, 14th–15th Centuries
 Sergei Karpov

Part II: Slavery and Christianity
3. The Role of Slaves in the Byzantine Economy, 10th–11th Centuries: Legal Aspects
 Daphne Penna

4. Christian Slave Traders, Slave Owners, and Slaves in the 13th–15th Centuries
 Sandra Origone

5. The Orthodox Church and the Emancipation of Gypsy Slaves in the Romanian Principalities in the 19th Century
 Viorel Achim

Part III: Raiders and Captives on the Northern Shore
6. “It Was the Poles that Gave Me Most Pain”: Polish Slaves and Captives in the Crimea, 1475–1774
 Mikhail Kizilov

7. How Captives Were Taken: The Making of Tatar Slaving Raids in the Early Modern Period
 Andrzej Gliwa

8. Captive-Taking in the Ottoman and Crimean Black Sea Region and Unfreedom in the Northern Countries
 Maryna Kravets and Victor Ostapchuk

Part IV: The Circassian Question
9. What Caused the 14th-Century Tatar–Circassian Shift?
 Hannah Barker

10. Slaves of the Crimean Khan or Muslim Warriors? The Status of Circassians in the Early Modern Period
 Natalia Królikowska-Jedlińska

Part V: The Black Sea and Global Slavery
11. People-Taking across the Mediterranean Maritime Frontier, 1675–1714
 Colin Heywood

12. Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Atlantic and the Black Sea: A Comparative View
 Dariusz Kołodziejczyk

Index
The book aims to reach an academic audience (libraries, scholars, postgraduates and advanced BA students), but also anyone interested in the history of slavery or the Black Sea region.
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