Aelia Capitolina – Jerusalem in the Roman Period

In Light of Archaeological Research


The book discusses the history and the archaeology of Jerusalem in the Roman period (70-400 CE) following a chronological order, from the establishment of the Tenth Roman Legion’s camp on the ruins of Jerusalem in 70 CE, through the foundation of Aelia Capitolina by Hadrian, in around 130 CE, and the Christianization of the population and the cityscape in the fourth century. Cemeteries around the city, the rural hinterland, and the imperial roads that led to and from Aelia Capitolina are discussed as well. Due to the paucity of historical sources, the book is based on archaeological remains, suggesting a reconstruction of the city's development and a discussion of the population’s identity.

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Dr. Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah is an archaeologist at the Israel Antiquities Authority. She has directed numerous archaeological excavations in and around the Old City of Jerusalem and published extensively on the city’s archaeology, including The Western Wall Plaza Excavations (2019).
"Weksler-Bdolah has done a wonderful job in sketching a clear picture of the development of Jerusalem’s/Aelia’s topography and landscape. The many figures and especially the beautifully produced colored maps make that picture even more vibrant." - Jan Willem Drijvers, University of Groningen, in: Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2020.09.35
"À notre connaissance, aucun ouvrage récent ne livre à la communauté internationale une synthèse aussi complète des fouilles archéologiques concernant l’époque romaine dans Jérusalem depuis le 19e siècle jusqu’à nos jours. À chaque fois qu’il en est question, les références des rapports des fouilles sont données en note de bas de page, afin de s’y référer à volonté. Ne serait-ce que pour cette raison, l’ouvrage de S. Weksler-Bdolah est indispensable à tout archéologue ou historien s’intéressant à l’archéologie de Jérusalem, fût-elle romaine ou autre. [...] Pour conclure, nous insistons pour répéter la grande qualité de l’ouvrage de Sh. Weksler-Bdolah appelé à devenir un livre de référence." - Dominique-Marie Cabaret, in: Revue Biblique 2021 - T. 128-3 (pp. 404-421)
Preface / Foreword
List of Figures and Tables
List of Abbreviations

1 Introduction
 1 Chronological and Historical Framework
 2 History of Research
 3 Sources of Information for the Investigation of Aelia Capitolina

2 The Camp of the Legion X Fretensis
 1 The Camp’s Fortifications and Related Structures
 2 Structures, Roads and Installations inside the Camp
 3 The Roman Dump on the Slopes of the Southwestern Hill
 4 A Few Comments Relating to the Army in Aelia Capitolina

3 Aelia Capitolina
 1 The Foundation of the Colony
 2 The Urban Layout: The City Gates
 3 Streets and Plazas
 4 The Buildings of Aelia Capitolina

4 Aelia Capitolina in the Fourth Century
 1 The Expansion of the City’s Limits
 2 The Construction of a Wide-Circumference City Wall
 3 The Identity of the Population
 4 The Christianization of the Cityscape
 5 Aelia/Hierosolyma in the Fourth Century: Summary and Conclusions

5 Water Supply: Cisterns, Pools and Aqueducts

6 The City’s Cemeteries
 1 The Northern Cemetery
 2 The South and Southwest Cemeteries
 3 The East Cemetery

7 The Rural Hinterland of Aelia Capitolina
 1 The Imperial Roads
 2 Military Sites in the Rural Hinterland of Aelia Capitolina
 3 Settlements and Residential Buildings
 4 Rural Cemeteries
 5 Road Stations

8 The City and Its Population 70 CE–c. 400 CE: Discussion and Summary
 1 From Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina—Aspects of Change and Continuity
 2 The Urban Development of Aelia Capitolina In Light of Archaeological Research, a Synthesis
 3 Epilogue

Lovers of Jerusalem, scholars and lay persons, interested in Jerusalem’s history and archaeology in the first centuries CE, Judaism, the Roman army, Roman roads and urbanization processes and early Christianity.
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