With Grammar of Duhumbi (Chugpa), Timotheus Adrianus (Tim) Bodt provides the first comprehensive description of any of the Western Kho-Bwa languages, a sub-group of eight linguistic varieties of the Kho-Bwa cluster (Tibeto-Burman).
Duhumbi is spoken by 600 people in the Chug valley in West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. The Duhumbi people, known to the outside world as Chugpa or Chug Monpa, belong to the Monpa Scheduled Tribe. Despite that affiliation, Duhumbi is not intelligible to speakers of any of the other Monpa languages except Khispi (Lishpa).
The volume Grammar of Duhumbi (Chugpa) describes all aspects of the language, including phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax and discourse. Moreover, it also contains links to additional resources freely accessible on-line.
Timotheus Adrianus Bodt, Ph.D. (2017), University of Bern, is currently affiliated as associate researcher (postdoc) to the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He has published two monographs and several journal articles focusing on the linguistic, ethnographic and historical background of the Tibet-Bhutan-India borderlands.
PrefaceAcknowledgementsList of tablesList of Glosses, conventions and symbols
1 The Duhumbi and their language 1.1 Geographical setting 1.2 Geopolitical setting 1.3 Autonyms, exonyms and population 1.4 Origin and settlement 1.5 Livelihood, culture and religion 1.6 Duhumbi ngak 1.7 The data and corpus
2 Phonology and orthography 2.1 Transcription systems and orthographies 2.2 Non-native and marginal phonemes and allophones 2.3 The vowel system 2.4 The consonant system 2.5 Syllable structure and phonotactics 2.6 Prosodic features of Duhumbi 2.7 Two-way contrast on plosives and affricates
3 Parts of speech 3.1 Nominal versus verbal parts of speech 3.2 Pronouns 3.3 Nouns 3.4 Proper nouns 3.5 Adjectives 3.6 Demonstratives 3.7 Numerals 3.8 Postpositions 3.9 Adverbs 3.10 Expressives 3.11 Interrogatives 3.12 Verbal parts of speech 3.13 Other parts of speech
4 Lexical aspects 4.1 Nouns 4.2 Proper nouns 4.3 Adjectives 4.4 Adverbs 4.5 Expressives 4.6 Numerals 4.7 Lexical registers 4.8 Complex predicates 4.9 Particular verbs 4.10 Interjections 4.11 The borrowed lexicon
5 Nominalisations 5.1 Pure derivational nominalisers 5.2 Nominaliser -ba nom 5.3 Nominaliser -baʔ inf
6 The noun phrase 6.1 Constituent order in noun phrases 6.2 Grammatical relations and case markers 6.3 Other nominal suffixes 6.4 Intensity 6.5 Use of adjectives 6.6 Use of demonstratives 6.7 Use of the numeral hin ‘one’ 6.8 Use of the postposition naŋ- ‘in’ 6.9 Use of interrogatives
7 Verbal morphology 7.1 Imperfective -da ipfv 7.2 Past tenses 7.3 Non-past tenses 7.4 Summary of verbal morphology
8 Non-verbal predicates 8.1 Verb and copula-less clauses 8.2 Copula beʔ cop.ex 8.3 Copula le cop.le 8.4 Copula giʨʰa cop.eq 8.5 Copula ɕi cop.as 8.6 Copula in possessive relations 8.7 Copular verb ʥu- ‘be’ 8.8 Negative copular verbs and copula balaŋ 8.9 Limited conjugational flexibility of copular verbs
9 Serial verb constructions 9.1 Types of SVC 9.2 SVCs in various contexts 9.3 SVCs and prosody 9.4 Modifying verbs 9.5 Symmetrical SVCs 9.6 Asymmetrical SVCs 9.7 SVCs in a historical-comparative perspective
10 Non-declarative clause types 10.1 Interrogatives 10.2 Question markers 10.3 Formation of questions 10.4 Question sub-types 10.5 Moods
11 Complex sentences 11.1 Imperfective phrases and clauses 11.2 Subordination with -ba nom and -baʔ inf 11.3 Subordination with -tʰaŋ lcn 11.4 Other cotemporal subordinators 11.5 Conditional with -se cond 11.6 Copular causal subordination 11.7 Conjunctions 11.8 Modifying suffixes and clitics
12 Discourse structure 12.1 Discourse structuring 12.2 Discourse particles 12.3 Topic, focus and emphasis
13 Texts 13.1 Duhumbi text genres 13.2 Metadata of texts 13.3 Metadata of speakers 13.4 Descriptions of all texts 13.5 Zenodo DOIs of texts 13.6 Elicitation files 13.7 Text: NNK; CHUK260413A2A 13.8 Text LGT; CHUK300412J2 13.9 Text: LEL; CHUKx13A6 13.10 Text: DTPK; CHUK131014 ReferencesIndexFigures
Linguists, ethnographers, anthropologists interested in Tibeto-Burman (Sino-Tibetan, Trans-Himalayan) languages, in particular undocumented, endangered languages of the Eastern Himalayan region and the people that speak them.