Translating Marx

José Aricó and the New Latin American Marxism


To speak of ‘Latin American Marxism’ is to announce a problem. To what extent can Marxism, a theoretical universe forged from nineteenth-century European experiences, also be productive for grasping other realities? How can we begin to make sense of the historical disconnection between that specific corpus of ideas and Latin America’s popular movements? Martín Cortés addresses these questions by considering the trajectory and works of José Aricó, who sought to rethink and disseminate in Spanish not only the works of Marx himself, but also those of foundational socialist thinkers such as Antonio Gramsci.
Guided by an interest in Marxism’s renovation, Cortés explores Aricó’s vital contributions to key topics in political theory, such as the nation, the state, the political subject, and hegemony.

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Biographical Note
Martín Cortés (1981). Doctor in Social Sciences and Philosophy (University of Buenos Aires – University of Paris 8). He has published books and articles on political theory, theories of the state and Latin American Marxism.
Table of contents


1 Aricó as Translator: An Interpretive Key
The Task of Translation
Translation as a Philosophical Operation
A Hypothesis: Translating Marxism

2 Marxism, a Manifold Object: The Role of Translation within Aricó’s Intellectual Project
Getting Started
The Pasado y Presente Journal
The Pasado y Presente ‘Cuadernos’
Towards a Critical Reading of Marx and Marxism
Dilemmas of Theory and Political Practice
Towards a History of the Left
Excursus: Concerning the ‘Massive Tome’ and Other Impossible Books (and the Meaning of Life)
Siglo XXI: Argentina and Mexico
Folios: Between Mexico and Argentina
Adios to the Publisher: Back to Buenos Aires


3 Marxism is Not a Philosophy of History
Marxism in Crisis and the Critique of Historical Reason
Latin America, Capitalist Periphery and Marx
Translation: Marx and Latin America
What is Left of Marxism Without a Philosophy of History?
Marx and Engels: Distinction as a Philosophical Reading Operation
Asynchrony and Immanence: Some Hypotheses on Aricó’s Marxism

4 Asynchrony I: Thinking Politics, Thinking the Nation
The Nation, Between Universality and Singularity
A Detour Through Bernstein, in Praise of Lenin
Politics and the Nation, 1: Gramsci
Politics and the Nation, 2: Mariátegui

5 Asynchrony II: Problems of Political Theory in Latin America
Thinking the Nation (and the State) in Latin America
Dilemmas of Asynchrony: Juan B. Justo and Latin American Socialism
On Hegemony
Socialism and Democracy: Organic Linkages
The Eighties and the ‘De-Stating’ of the Question of Democracy (a Critique of Leninism)

Aricó and Latin American Marxism
An Uncertain Form of Political Thought

Academic libraries, public libraries, specialists in political theory and Latin American studies, undergraduate and graduate students, individuals interested in left-wing political debates, individuals interested in the history of the left.
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