The Prophets Agree

The Function of the Book of the Twelve Prophets in Acts


The way Luke uses and interprets Scripture continues to captivate many. In his new work, The Prophets Agree, a title inspired by James’ words at the Jerusalem Council, Aaron W. White turns over one rock that has remained untouched. Interpretation of the four quotations of the Minor Prophets in Acts frequently isolates each citation from the other. However, this full-length study of the place of the Minor Prophets in Acts asks what difference it makes to regard these four quotations as a singular contribution to Acts from a unifi ed source.
By an in-depth study of each quotation, an innovative method of intertextuality, and an eye to the overall agenda of Acts, White proves the importance of reading the Twelve Prophets in unity when it is quoted in Acts, and the integral role it plays in the redemptive-historical plotline of Acts.

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Aaron W. White, PhD (2017), Bristol University, is pastor of First Presbyterian Church in South Charleston, Ohio. He serves on committees for the study of Luke-Acts, New Testament, and the Septuagint, and has published or contracted articles, monographs, translations, and commentaries in those same concentrations. Most recently he co-edited The Earliest Perceptions of Jesus in Context (2017).

Introduction: a Case for a Study on the LXX-Twelve Prophets in Acts
 I Flourishing Bones: an Introduction to a Study of the LXX-Twelve Prophets in Acts
 I Previous Work on the TP in Acts and Models of Interpretation
 I A New Study on the TP in Acts
 V The Argument and the Direction of the Study

1 “I Will Pour out My Spirit”: Jesus the Lord and the Lukan Reading of LXX-Joel 3:1–5 in Acts 2
 The Text of LXX-Joel 3:1–5 and of Acts 2:17–21
 I Introduction
 I “I Will Pour out My Spirit”: LXX-Joel 3:1–5
 I LXX-Joel 3:1–5 in Acts 2: God’s Attestation of the Lord and His Witnesses
 V Joel 3:1–5 in The Testament of Judah 24
 V Luke and The Testament of Judah 24: a Conversation among Readers

2 “Forty Years”: the Divided People of God and the Lukan Reading of LXX-Amos 5:25–27 in Acts 7:42–43
 The Text of LXX-Amos 5:25–27 and of Acts 7:42–43
 I Introduction
 I “Forty Years”: Amos 5:25–27 as a Look Back to the Exodus
 I Amos 5:25–27 in Acts 7:42–43
 V Amos in the Damascus Document: CD-A 7:13–8:1
 V Amos 5:25–27 in CD-A and Acts 7: Reading Amos 5 in Community

3 “I Am Doing a Work”: the Gentiles as God’s People and the Lukan Reading of LXX-Habakkuk 1:5 in Acts 13
 The Text of LXX-Habakkuk 1:5 and of Acts 13:41
 I Introduction
 I Habakkuk: the Announcement of an Amazing Judgment
 I The Work of God: the Role of Habakkuk 1:5 in Acts 13
 V “The Traitors in the Latter Days”: the Reading of Hab. 1:5 by 1QpHab 1.16–2.10
 V Habakkuk 1:5 in 1QpHab and Acts 13: a Conversation among Readers

4 “All the Gentiles Who Are Called”: Sending the Gentiles Mission and the Lukan Reading of LXX-Amos 9:11–12 in Acts 15
 The Text of LXX-Amos 9:11–12 and of Amos 15:16–18
 I Introduction
 I LXX-Amos 9:11–12: a Rebuilt Davidic Reign in the Eschatological Future
 I LXX-Amos 9:11–12 in Acts 15: Gentile as Gentile
 V Amos 9:11 in 4Q Florilegium Frgs. 1–2 and 21, 1
 V Luke and 4QFlor: a Discussion among Readers of Amos 9:11 (and 12)

Conclusion: Reading the Greek Book-of-the-Twelve-Prophets in Acts
 I What Was This Study About?
 I Luke and His Co-readers
 I How Each Quotation Built towards One Argument
 V What If the Greek Twelve-Prophets Were Not in Acts?
 Selected Texts
Works Cited
Index of Sources
Index of Authors
Index of Subjects
This study is aimed at contributing to the field where one is studying at the graduate or post-graduate research level anything to do with intertextuality, Old Testament in the New, the Minor Prophets, Luke-Acts, or redemptive-historical theology
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