The articles compiled in Ottoman War & Peace. Studies in Honor of Virginia H. Aksan, honor the prolific career of a foremost scholar of the Ottoman Empire, and engage in redefining the boundaries of Ottoman historiography. Blending micro and macro approaches, the volume covers topics from the sixteenth to twentieth centuries related to the Ottoman military and warfare, biography and intellectual history, and inter-imperial and cross-cultural relations. Through these themes, this volume seeks to bring out and examine the institutional and socio-political complexity of the Ottoman Empire and its peoples.
Contributors are Eleazar Birnbaum, Maurits van den Boogert, Palmira Brummett, Frank Castiglione, Linda Darling, Caroline Finkel, Molly Greene, Jane Hathaway, Colin Heywood, Douglas Howard, Christine Isom-Verhaaren, Dina Rizk Khoury, Ethan L. Menchinger, Victor Ostapchuk, Leslie Peirce, James A. Reilly, Will Smiley, Mark Stein, Kahraman Şakul, Veysel Şimşek, Feryal Tansuğ, Baki Tezcan, Fatih Yeşil, Aysel Yıldız.
Frank Castiglione, Ph.D. (2016), Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Ethan L. Menchinger, Ph.D. (2014), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, is Lecturer in the History of the Islamic World at the University of Manchester. He has published numerous articles on the Ottoman Empire and is author of the monograph The First of the Modern Ottomans: the Intellectual History of Ahmed Vâsıf (Cambridge University Press, 2017).
Veysel Şimşek, Ph.D. (2015), McMaster University, is lecturer in Turkish at the Institute of Islamic Studies at McGill University. Previously, he held post-doctoral fellowships at McGill and Yale. He has taught and published on the political, social, and military history of the Ottoman Empire.
Acknowledgments List of Illustrations Notes on Contributors Publications by Virginia H. Aksan Introduction Frank Castiglione, Ethan L. Menchinger and Veysel Şimşek
Part 1: Ottoman Military and Society
1 Crime among the Janissaries in the Ottoman Golden Age Linda T. Darling
2 The Trouble with Timārs: An Excursion into a Seventeenth-Century Documentary Landscape Victor Ostapchuk
3 Ottoman Observers of Ottoman War in the 17th Century Mark Stein
4 The Azadlu Gunpowder Works: Catalyst for the Military Industry Complexes of Istanbul Kahraman Şakul
5 Drill and Discipline as a Civilizing Process: The Genesis of the Modern Soldier in the Ottoman Empire, 1789–1826 Fatih Yeşil
6 Armatole Families in the 18th Century Balkans Molly Greene
7 Under Fire and Lice: Experiences of an Ottoman Soldier in the First World War and the Turkish War of Independence (1919–1922) VeyselŞimşek
8 Shayzar, an Ottoman Fortress-Settlement in Syria James A. Reilly
Part 2: Ideas, Political Thought, and the Circulation of Knowledge
9 A Cure for the Plague, and Other Prescriptions Eleazar Birnbaum
10 A Phenomenology of Empire: Ayn Ali on the Ottoman Provinces Douglas A. Howard
11 Visualizing Ottoman Space: Choiseul-Gouffier and the Passage through Anatolia, 1776 Palmira Brummett
12 On the Identity of a Reformist Intellectual: the Koca Sekbanbaşı Debate Revisited Ethan L. Menchinger and Aysel Yıldız
Part 3: Biography
13 The Law School of Mehmed
in the Last Quarter of the Sixteenth Century: A Glass Ceiling of the less connected Ottoman Ulema Baki Tezcan
14 Writing Biography with Limited Sources and Fewer Models: The Case of Hurrem Sultan Leslie Peirce
15 Tracing the Life of Hüsam Bey: Career Paths in the Sixteenth-century Ottoman Navy Christine Isom-Verhaaren
16 Eunuchs and the State in the Mamlūk Sultanate and the Ottoman Empire: A Comparison Jane Hathaway
17 “The clever Engineer Koehler”: The Clandestine Activities of George Frederick Koehler (1758–1800) in the Ottoman lands, 1791–93 Caroline Finkel
Part 4: Ottoman Identity and Inter-confessional Relations
18 An Ottoman “Exemption Letter (Mu‘āf-nāme)” Dated 1015/1606 for the Karaite Descendants of Fātima Hātūn, kira of Hafsa Sultan, the Mother of Süleymān the Magnificent: a Document from the National Museum of Lithuania Colin Heywood
19 Ottoman Brokers in the 18th-Century Levant Trade Maurits H. van den Boogert
20 The Battle of Ali Hoca Burnu: Framed Privateers, Questionable Loyalties, and a Sultanic Prize Court Will Smiley
21 Revisiting the Escalation of Intercommunal Violence in İzmir (1797): “Anti-Greek,” or a More Complex Dynamic? Feryal Tansuğ
22 Nationality and Sect in Ottoman and post-Ottoman Iraq Dina Rizk Khoury
Scholars and students interested in the history of the Ottoman Empire, and specifically military history, biography, intellectual history, and inter-confessional relations.