Clans and Democratization: Chechnya, Albania, Afghanistan and Iraq


Clan societies differ substantially from Western democratic states. Clan societies are based around the extended family. Honour and solidarity are important, which is reflected in nepotism and blood revenge. However, a more positive aspect of clan societies is the use of reconciliation to solve conflicts. This guarantees that parties to a conflict can cooperate in the future. When intervening in a clan based society it is important to be aware of the differences compared to Western democracy. Based on theory and practice the cases of Afghanistan, Iraq, Albania and Chechnya are investigated. This book explains clan society and provides tools to facilitate state building and democratization in clan based societies for those who intervene, aimed at conflict resolution and democratization.

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Biographical Note
Charlotte Hille, Ph.D. (Leiden, 2003), University of Amsterdam, is Assistant Professor of International Relations and International Law. She is the author of State Building and Conflict Resolution in the Caucasus (Brill, 2010) and State Building in the Transcaucasus Since 1917 (dissertation, 2003).
Table of contents

1. Clans

2. Statehood and the Clan

3. Warlords and the Clan Society

4. Society and Democratisation

5. Clans in Chechnya

6. Clans in Albania

7. The Clan in Afghanistan

8. Clans in Iraq



Academics, policy makers in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Defence, (I)NGO’s in the field of post-conflict reconstruction, international mediators and students interested in clan society and democratization.
Index Card