The Language of the Old-Okinawan Omoro Sōshi

Reference Grammar, with Textual Selections

Series:

The Omoro Sōshi (1531–1623) is an indispensable resource for historical linguistic comparison of Old Okinawan with other Ryukyuan languages and Old Japanese. Leon A Serafim and Rumiko Shinzato offer a reference grammar, including detailed phonological analyses, of the otherwise opaque and dense poetic/religious language of the Omoro Sōshi.

Meshing Western linguistic insight with existing literary/linguistic work in Ryukyuan studies, and incorporating their own research on Modern Okinawan, the authors offer a grammar and phonology of the Omoro language, with selected (excerpts of) songs grammatically analyzed, phonologically reconstructed, translated, and annotated.

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Leon A Serafim, Ph.D. (1984), Yale, was Associate Professor of Japanese at the University of Hawai‘i. He has published articles on Japonic (Ryukyuan and Japanese) (pre)history, and helped edit the Okinawan-English Wordbook and J/K 19. His current interests are, especially, grammaticalization and historical syntax.

Rumiko Shinzato, Ph.D. (1984), University of Hawai‘i, is Professor at Georgia Institute of Technology. She has published chapters/articles on aspect, evidentiality, subjectivity, grammaticalization and language maintenance. She and Leon A Serafim co-authored a book on Okinawan kakari musubi (Brill 2013).
Preface
List of Figures and Tables
Abbreviations and Conventions

1 Introduction
 1  What is the Omoro Sōshi?
 2  Types of omoro
 3  Versions
 4  Song Structure
 5  Overview of the Omoro Language

2 Spelling System and Phonology
 1  Introduction
 2  Reconstruction Methodology
 3  Suprasegmentals
 4  Consonants
 5  Processes
 6  Meter in Omoros
 7  The Question of External Evidence and Its Relation to That Presented Here
 8  Coda

3 Lexicon
 1  PJ Origin
 2  Loans from MJ
 3  Loans from Sino-Japanese
 4  Loans from Korean
 5  Origins Unknown
 6  Mishōgo (MO, Meanings Obscure)

4 Nominals
 1  Nouns
 2  Pronouns
 3  Numerals
 4  Nominal Prefixes
 5  Nominal Suffixes

5 Adjectives
 1  What is an Adjective?
 2  Evolution of Adjectives
 3  Functional Differences between/among Types
 4  Functions as Modifiers, Predicates, or Noun Formatives

6 Verbs
 1  Conjugation Types
 2  History of Conjugational Merger: ra-gyō yodan-ka
 3  Functional Split (mz)
 4  Development of the Gerund

7 Auxiliaries
 1  Passive/Exalting/Spontaneous -ari(·r)- ~ -uyi(·r)-
 2  Causative/Exalting -as-
 3  Negative -azɨ ~ -aɴ ~ -an-
 4  Negative -adana
 5  The Optative/Counterfactual Auxiliary -(a)masyi
 6  Inference/Intention: -aɴ, -a, and -ami
 7  Negative Inferential/Intentional -umazyi
 8  Past -syi
 9  Perfect -t˚ar-, -c˚yar-, -dar-, -ʣyar-
 10  Emphatic Locative: -ʔac˚ɨr-u
 11  Progressive: -ur-
 12  Progressive/Perfective -yaaryi
 13  Copula: -yar-, -nar-
 14  The Exalting Auxiliary Verb -(u)wa·r/s-
 15  Humilific Auxiliary -abir-
 16  Humilific Auxiliary tʰat°imac°ɨr-

References
Index
Students of Japanese/Ryukyuan languages, linguistics, and literature, or interested in studying the Omoro Sōshi and Old Okinawan from the standpoint of history, religion, or culture; research libraries catering to them.